Sankhibra Amenemhat in hieroglyphs

The eighth pharaoh of the Thirteenth Dynasty,

Precedessor
Iufni

Successor
Nebnun

Reign of Sankhibra Amenemhat
Ryholt1788–1785
Franke1730–1724

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Seheru tawy  The Dual King Sankh ib Ra  Son of Ra Ameny Intef Amenemhat

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Seheru tawy
shrw-tꜢwi
The one who has pleased the Two Lands
s-O4A:r:N17:N17
Sandstone altar of Ameny (Cairo Museum CG 23040, JE 39804)
Mariette, Karnak, II, plates 9-10
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 7:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Sekhem khau
sḫm-ḫꜤw
Powerful of appearances
s-sxm-xa:a-w
Sandstone altar of Ameny (Cairo Museum CG 23040, JE 39804)
Mariette, Karnak, II, plates 9-10
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 7:N

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Heqa Maat
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt
The one who rules (through) Maat
HqA-C10
Sandstone altar of Ameny (Cairo Museum CG 23040, JE 39804)
Kamal, Tables offrandes (1909), 32-33
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 7:G
Golden Horus name variant
Ti Maat
ti-mꜢꜤt
U33-C10
Sandstone altar of Ameny (Cairo Museum CG 23040, JE 39804)
Mariette, Karnak, II, plate 9 b

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sankh ib Ra
sꜤnḫ-ib-rꜤ
The one whom the mind of Ra has sustained
ra-s-anx-ib
Sandstone altar of Ameny (Cairo Museum CG 23040, JE 39804)
Mariette, Karnak, II, plates 9-10
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 7:T1
Throne name variant
Sankh ib Ra
sꜤnḫ-ib-rꜤ
The one whom the mind of Ra has sustained
ra-s-anx-n:x-ib-1
Turin King List 7.10
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 7:T2
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) VI:10

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ameny Intef Amenemhat
imny ini-iti.f imn-m-ḥꜢt
Amenemhat, (son of) Intef, (son of) Ameny
i-mn:n-i-i-ini-n:t:f-i-mn:n-m-HAt:t
Sandstone altar of Ameny (Cairo Museum CG 23040, JE 39804)
Mariette, Karnak, II, plates 9-10
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 7:E

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 8–10
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 90–91
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 63
PLEASE NOTE
There might be errors on this page.
Make sure you use the correct source!
Yes, you would be surprised...