Shoshenq III in hieroglyphs

The seventh pharaoh of the Twenty-second Dynasty, a.k.a. Sheshonq III, Sheshonk III

Precedessor
Osorkon II

Successor
Shoshenq IV

Reign of Shoshenq III
837–798
Dodson838–798

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht mesut Ra  The Dual King User Maat Ra, setep en Ra  Son of Ra Shesheneq mery Amun

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht mesut Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mstiw-rꜤ
The strong bull, the offspring of Ra
E1:D40-ms-s-w:t-A53-C2B
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1960), Vol. 3, pls. 29-30
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:H1
Horus name variant
Ka nakht mesut en Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mstiw-n-rꜤ
The strong bull, the offspring of Ra
E1:D40-ms-s\-W:t-A53-n:ra
Montet, La Nécropole royale de Tanis (1960), Vol. 3, pls. 29-30
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:H2
Horus name variant
Ka nakht mery Ra
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ
The strong bull, beloved of Ra
E1:D40-ra*Z1:N36
Block JE 38272 from Mendes
Daressy, Le nom d'Horus di roi Chéchanq III, ASAE 13 (1914): 86
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:H3
Horus name variant
Ka nakht mery Ra sekha...
kꜢ-nḫt mri-rꜤ sḫꜤ...
The strong bull, beloved of Ra, whom [Ra?] caused to appear [as king?]
E1:D40-C2-mr-s-xa:a:Y1-//
Daressy, Rapport sur Kom el-Hisn, ASAE 4: 284-85
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:H4
Horus name variant
Ka nakht mery Maat
kꜤ nḫh mry mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, beloved of Maat
E1:D40-mr:r-Sw-t:H8-G7-W
Year 30 stela of Shoshenq III (Strasburg No. 1379)
Spiegelberg, Die Tefnachtostele des museums von Athen, RecTrav 25 (1903): 197
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:H5

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Ra
ra-wsr-C10A-stp&n&ra
Block JE 38272 from Mendes
Daressy, Le nom d'Horus di roi Chéchanq III, ASAE 13 (1914): 86
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T1
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
rꜤ-wsr-šw-stp&n&rꜤ
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Ra
ra-wsr-Sw-stp&n&ra
The Epigraphic Survey, The Bubastite Portal (1954), pl. 16-17
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T2
Throne name variant
User maat Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Ra
ra-i-wsr-C10A-stp&n&ra
Daressy, Rapport sur Kom el-Hisn, ASAE 4: 284-85
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T3
Throne name variant
User Maat Ra, setep en Ra
rꜤ-wsr-šw-stp&n&rꜤ
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Ra
ra-wsr-Sw-stp&n&ra
Jansen-Winkeln, Inschriften der Spätzeit 2 (2007), 202 no. 22.33
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T4
Throne name variant
User maat Ra, setep en Ra
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Ra
ra-wsr-U4-t:a-stp&n&ra
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des steles du Serapeum de Memphis, no. 22
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T5
Throne name variant
User maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Amun
ra-wsr-Sw-i-mn:n-stp:n
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des steles du Serapeum de Memphis, no. 21
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T6
Throne name variant
User maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The justice of Ra is powerful, chosen by Amun
ra-wsr-Sw-i-mn:n:stp
Daressy, Notes sur les XXIIe, XXIIIe et XXIVe dynasties, RecTrav 35 (1913): 132
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:T7

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Shesheneq mery Amun
ššnḳ mri-imn
Shoshenk, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-M8A-n:q
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5 (1966): 51 (23)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Shesheneq mery Amun netjer heqa Iunu
ššnḳ mri-imn nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Shoshenk, beloved of Amun, God and ruler of Heliopolis
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-M8A-q:n-HqA-nTr-iwn
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des steles du Serapeum de Memphis, no. 22
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E2
Birth name variant
Shesheneq mery Amun netjer heqa Iunu
ššnḳ mri-imn nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Shoshenk, beloved of Amun, God and ruler of Heliopolis
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-M8A-n:q-iwn-nTr-HqA
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des steles du Serapeum de Memphis, no. 24
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E3
Birth name variant
Shesheneq sa Bastet mery Amun
ššnḳ zꜢ-bꜢstt mri-imn
Shoshenk, son of Bastet, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-M8A-q-H8:Z1-W1
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5 (1966): 51 (22)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E4
Birth name variant
Shesheneq mery Amun
ššnḳ mri-imn
Shoshenk, beloved of Amun
i-mn:U7-M8A:M8A-nw:q
Petrie Museum, UC14533
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E5
Birth name variant
per aa Shesheneq
pr-ꜤꜢ ššnḳ
Pharaoh Shoshenk
M8A-M8A-n:q-G7
Kitchen, Two Donation Stelae in The Brooklyn Museum, JARCE 8 (1969): 59
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E6
Birth name variant
Shesheneq mery Amun netjer heqa Iunu
ššnḳ zꜢ-bꜢstt mri-imn nṯr ḥḳꜢ iwnw
Shoshenk, son of Bastet, beloved of Amun, the god and ruler of Heliopolis
i-mn:n-N36:H8*Z1-W2-t:t-M8A-M8A-n:q-q-nTr-HqA-iwn
Posener, Malinine, Vercoutter, Catalogue des steles du Serapeum de Memphis, no. 21
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 188-189, 6:E7

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 361–368
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 188–189
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 149–150
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