Siptah in hieroglyphs

The seventh pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Merenptah Siptah

Siptah became pharaoh when his father died, but as he was still only around ten years old, his stepmother Queen Tausret became his regent, and on his death, pharaoh. Siptah is excluded on Ramesses III's list of ancestors at Medinet Habu which can only mean that he was not seen as a legitime pharaoh at the time. Manetho makes no mention of Siptah.

Precedessor
Amenmesse

Successor
Tausret

Reign of Siptah
AE Chronology1197–1193
v. Beckerath1194–1186
Shaw1194–1188
Dodson1195–1189
Arnold1204–1198
Malek1194–1188
Grimal1196–1190
Redford1215–1209
Highest attestationYear 7

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht mery hapy, sankh ta neb em kaef Ra neb  The Dual King Sekha en Ra, mery Amun  Son of Ra Ramessu si Ptah

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht mery hapy, sankh ta neb em kaef Ra neb
kꜢ-nḫt mri-ḥꜤpi sꜤnḫ-tꜢ-nb-m-kꜢ.f-rꜤ-nb
Strong bull, beloved of Hapi, who daily sustains the lands by means of his Ka
E1:D40-mr-V71-p-N35A-s-anx-N16A:nb-Aa15:kA*Z1:f-ra*Z1:nb
Year 1–2
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 363:2
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 160-161, 7:H1
Horus name variant A
Ka nakht mery Hapi
kꜢ-nḫt mri-ḥꜤpi
The strong bull, beloved of Hapi
E1:D40-C92A-mr
Year 2–6
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 344:15
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:H4
Horus name variant B
Ka nakht mery Hapi
kꜢ-nḫt mri-ḥꜤpi
The strong bull, beloved of Hapi
E1:D40-N36-H-a:p*Z4-N36:n:n:n
Davis, The tomb of Siphthah, xiii, pl. 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:H3
Horus name variant C
Ka nakht wer pehty
kꜢ-nḫt wr-pḥti
The strong bull, great of might
E1:D40-wr:r-F9*(t:Z1*Z1):D40
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV 47
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 347:13
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:H6

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Saa Iunu
sꜤꜢ-iwnw
Made great in Heliopolis
s-aA:a-A-Y1-iwn-nw:O49
Year 2–6
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 405:6
Petrie Museum UC39613
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
.. mi itef Ra
..-mi-it.f-rꜤ
..like his father Ra
//-mi-i-i-t:f-G7-r:a:ra-G7
Year 2–6
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 405:7-8
Petrie Museum UC39613
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sekha en Ra, mery Amun
sḫꜤi.n-rꜤ mri-imn
He whom Ra causes to appear, beloved of Amun
ra-s-xa:n-N36-i-mn:n
Year 1–2
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 363:16
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 160-161, 7:T1
Throne name variant A
Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Ꜣḫ-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Akh spirit of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra-G25:n-stp&n&ra
Year 2–6
Randall-McIver, Buhen, I, 36
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:T3
Throne name variant B
Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Ꜣḫ-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Akh spirit of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra-Aa1&Ax-Y1:n-stp&n&ra
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV 47
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 348:2
Throne name variant C
Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Ꜣḫ-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Akh spirit of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra-G25-Y1v-N-stp&n&ra
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV47, ceiling corridor (B)
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 347:15
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:T4

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ramessu si Ptah
rꜤ-msi-sw sꜢ-ptḥ
Ramesses, son of Ptah
C2-ms-z:z-H8:Z1-p:t-H
Year 1–2
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 363:3
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 160-161, 7:E1
Birth name variant A
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-N36:n:H6*Z1-p:t-H
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV 47, ceiling corridor (B)
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 347:15
Birth name variant B
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜤ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
mr\-C102\-H8:Z1-C102-S3
Year 2–6
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , IV, 345:7
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:E3
Birth name variant C
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
C102*mr:n-C102-H8:Z1
Year 2–6
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 202a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 162-163, 7:E4
Birth name variant D
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
C102*mr:n-H8:Z1-C102
Year 2–6
Petrie, Six Temples, plate XVII (11)
Birth name variant E
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ meri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-U7:n-C102-H8:Z1
Year 2–6
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 202b

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 140–145
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 160–163
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 124
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 431–434
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