Sobekhotep I in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Thirteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep, (previously Sobekhotep II)

Either the founder of the dynasty, in which case he is known as Sobekhotep I, or its twentieth monarch, in which case he is known as Sobekhotep II

Precedessor
Neferusobek

Successor
Sonbef

Reign of Sobekhotep I
Ryholt1803–1800
Franke1724–1718
Turin King List2y 3m 24d

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Menekh..  The Dual King Sekhem Ra khu tawy  Son of Ra Amenemhat sobek hotep

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Menekh..
mnḫ..
Potent of...
mn:n-x:mnx-//
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, V.1, fig. 86

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Ankh netjeru
Ꜥnḫ-nṯrw
The (very) life of the Gods
anx-Z3-nTr
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, V.1, plate IV

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sekhem Ra khu tawy
sḫm-rꜤ ḫwi-tꜢwi
The powerful one of Ra is the protection of the Two Lands
ra-Y8-D43:N17:N17
Naville, XIth dynasty temple at Deir el-Bahari, II, plate X (B)
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, V.1, plate IV

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Amenemhat sobek hotep
imn--m-ḥꜢt sbk-ḥtp
Amenemhat's son, Sobekhotep
i-mn:n-m-HAt:t-I4-Htp:t*p
Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale, V.1, plate IV

Throne + Birth name

Combination of Throne- and Birth-name cartouches
probably only used for a special occasion.

Throne + Birth name
Sekhem Ra khu tawy Sobek hotep
sḫm-rꜤ ḫwi-tꜢwi sbk-ḥtp(w)
Ra is the protection of the Two Lands
ra-Y8-D43:N17:N17-sbk-Htp:t*p
Name likely interchanged with Wegaf in 7.19

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 14–16
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 92–93
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 61
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 443–444
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