Sobekhotep II in hieroglyphs

The thirteenth pharaoh of the Thirteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Khaankhre Sobekhotep, Sobekhotep I in older studies

Precedessor
Nedjemibra

Successor
Ranisonb

Reign of Sobekhotep II
Ryholt1780–1777

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Sema tawy  The Dual King Kha ankh Ra  Son of Ra Sebek hotep

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Sema tawy
smꜢ-tꜢwi
The one who has united the Two Lands
zmA-N17:N17:N23*N23
Red granite pedestal (Leiden Museum van Oudheden AM 109-a)
Boeser, Beschreibung der Aegyptischen Sammlung des Niederländischen Reichsmuseums der Altertümer in Leiden, plate VI
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 12:H

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Djed khau
ḏd-ḫꜤw
Stable of appearances
Dd-Dd-xa:a:a-Z3
Block from Abydos chapel (Louvre C 10)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 12:N2
Nebty name variant
Djed khau
ḏd-ḫꜤw
Stable of appearances
Dd-Dd-xa:a:Z2
Red granite pedestal (Leiden Museum van Oudheden AM 109-a)
Boeser, Beschreibung der Aegyptischen Sammlung des Niederländischen Reichsmuseums der Altertümer in Leiden, plate VI
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 12:N1

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Kau netjeru
kꜢw-nṯrw
The sustenance of the gods
kA*kA:kA-nTrw
Block from Abydos chapel (Louvre C 10)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 12:G2
Golden Horus name variant
Kau netjeru
kꜢw-nṯrw
The sustenance of the gods
kA:Z2-nTrw
Red granite pedestal (Leiden Museum van Oudheden AM 109-a)
Boeser, Beschreibung der Aegyptischen Sammlung des Niederländischen Reichsmuseums der Altertümer in Leiden, plate VI
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 90-91, 12:G1

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Kha ankh Ra
ḫꜤi-Ꜥnḫ-rꜤ
The living appearance of Ra
ra-xa-anx
Block from Abydos chapel (Louvre C 9)
Red granite pedestal (Leiden Museum van Oudheden AM 109-a)
Boeser, Beschreibung der Aegyptischen Sammlung des Niederländischen Reichsmuseums der Altertümer in Leiden, plate VI
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 92-93, 12:T

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Sebek hotep
sbk-ḥtp
Sobek is satisfied
sbk-Htp:t*p
Red granite pedestal (Leiden Museum van Oudheden AM 109-a)
Boeser, Beschreibung der Aegyptischen Sammlung des Niederländischen Reichsmuseums der Altertümer in Leiden, plate VI
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 92-93, 12:E1
Birth name variant
Sobek Ra hotep(u)
sbk-rꜤ-ḥtp(w)
Sobek and Ra are satisfied
ra-sbk-Htp:t-p
Turin King List 7.15
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 92-93, 12:E4
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) VI:15
Birth name variant
Sobek hotep
sbk-ḥtp(w)
Sobek is satisfied
s-b-k-Htp:t*p
Block from Abydos chapel (Louvre B 3.5, C 9)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 92-93, 12:E2

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 40–41
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 90–91
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 64
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 444–446
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