Thutmose II in hieroglyphs

The fourth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Tuthmosis II, Thutmosis II

The name of the god Thoth is an ancient Greek transcription of the original name Djehuty. Thutmose is a modern compromise between the Greek transcription Thutmosis and Djehutimes. Known as Khebron or Khebros by Manetho, he was placed as the successor of Ahmose, though he was in fact not the second king of the 18th dynasty, but the fourth. The reign order of Manetho is quite unreliable for the entire 18th dynasty. He married his half-sister, Hatshepsut, that would soon become pharaoh.

Precedessor
Thutmose I

Successor
Hatshepsut

Reign of Thutmose II
AE Chronology1482–1480
v. Beckerath1492–1479
Shaw1492–1479
Dodson1491–1479
Arnold1492–1479
Malek1492–1479
Grimal1493–1479
Redford1516–1504
Manetho (Josephus)13 years
Manetho (Africanus)13 years
Manetho (Eusebius)13 years
Manetho (Jerome)13 years
Highest attestationYear 1

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht user pehty  The Dual King Aa kheper en Ra  Son of Ra Djehutimes

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht user pehty
kꜢ-nḫt-wst-pḥti
The strong bull, rich of strength
E1:D40-wsr-s-F9:F9
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16f
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:H
Horus name variant
Ka nakht user pehty
kꜢ-nḫt-wsr-pḥti
The strong bull, rich of strength
E1-n:xt:x*t:D40-wsr-s
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16a

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Netjer nesyt
nṯri-nsyt
He whose royalty is divine
nTr-sw-i-i
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:N1
Nebty name variant A
Netjer nesyt
nṯri-nsyt
He whose royalty is divine
nTr-t:r:Y1-sw*t*i*i:Y1
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16f
Nebty name variant B
Netjer nesyt
nṯri-nsyt
He whose royalty is divine
nTr-sw-t:n-i-t-i
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:N3

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Sekhem kheperu
sḫm-ḫprw
He whose manifestations are powerful
sxm-xpr-w-Y1:Z2
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Sekhem kheperu
sḫm-ḫprw
He whose manifestations are powerful
sxm-xpr:Z2
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:G2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Great is the manifestation of Ra
ra:aA-xpr:n
Abydos Canon no. 69
Saqqara Canon no. 9

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:T1
Throne name variant A
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Great is the manifestation of Ra
ra-O29v-xpr-S3
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:T2
Throne name variant B
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Great is the manifestation of Ra
ra:aA-xpr-S4
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16f

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Djehutimes
ḏḥwti-msi(w)
Born of Thoth
G26-ms-s
ASAE , 8, 44
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:E2
Birth name variant A
Djehutimes nefer khau
ḏḥwti-msi(w) nfr-ḫꜤw
Born of Thoth, he whose apparitions are perfect
G26-ms*nfr:z-xa:Z2
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:E1
Birth name variant B
Djehutimes nefer khau
ḏḥwti-msi(w) nfr-ḫꜤw
Born of Thoth, he whose apparitions are perfect
G26-ms-s-nfr-xa:Z2
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 134-135, 4:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 2 Χεβρως Chebros 13 years
Eusebius xviii, 2 Χεβρων Chebron 13 years
Jerome Chebron 13 years
Josephus 95 Χεβρων Chebron 13 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 227–236
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 134–135
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 97–98
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 467–469
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