Amenemhat I

Also known as: Amenemhet I
Dynasty XII

Amenemhat I was not of royal birth, and somehow managed to capture the throne. It is possible that he was Menthuhotep IV's vizier named Amenemhat, who led an expedition to Wadi Hammamat. The king died, it is unknown if by Amenemhat's hand or by some accident. Either way, he founded the great Twelfth dynasty.

Amenemhat I moved the capital from Thebes to the lost city of Itjtawy, thought to be located close to the pyramids of Amenemhat I and his son Senusret I.

Reign of Amenemhat I
AE Chronology1939–1910
von Beckerath1976–1947
Shaw1985–1965
Dodson1994–1964
Malek1980–1951
Arnold1991–1962
Grimal1991–1962
Franke1938–1909
Redford1991–1962
Manetho (Eusebius)16 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Sehotep ib tawy
Sehotep ib tawy
 s-ḥtp-ib-tꜢwi
 The one who has appeased the heart of the Two Lands
s-Htp:ib:N17:N17
Early reign
ZÄS , 92, plate 3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 1:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name: Sehotep ib tawy
Sehotep ib tawy
 s-ḥtp-ib-tꜢwi
 The one who has appeased the heart of the Two Lands
s-Htp:ib:N17:N17
Early reign
ZÄS , 92, plate 3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 1: N1

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Bik nebu sema
Bik nebu sema
 bik-nbw-zmꜢ
 The uniter
F36*G5:nbw
Early reign
ZÄS , 92, plate 3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 1:G1

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Sehotep ib Ra
Sehotep ib Ra
 s-ḥtp-ib-rꜤ
  The one who the heart of Ra
ra-s-Htp:ib
Benihassan Tomb 2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 124 a28
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 1:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Amenemhat
Amenemhat
 imn-m-ḥꜢt
 Amun is in the front
i-mn:n-m-HAt
Early reign
ZÄS , 92, plate 3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 1:E1

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xi, 1 Aμμενεμης Ammenemes Ammenemes
Eusebius xi Aμμενεμης Ammenemes Ammenemes 16 years
Eratosthenes 32 Σταμμενεμης α Stammenemes I Stammenemes I 26 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 82–83
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 19–23
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 253–265
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 57–58

 

 



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With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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