Amenemhat II

Also known as: Amenemhet II Dynasty XII

Amenemhat II's throne name is present on the Abydos and Saqqara king lists, but on the Turin Canon his name is lost due to damage, but can with confidence be placed at 6.22 based on the known succession of the Twelfth Dynasty. His name is also present in Manetho's king list as Ammanemes.

Reign of Amenemhat II
AE Chronology1878–1843
von Beckerath1914–1879
Shaw1922–1878
Dodson1932–1896
Malek1918–1884
Arnold1929–1892
Grimal1928–1895
Franke1877–1843
Redford1929–1895
Turin Canon10+x years
Manetho (Africanus)38 years
Manetho (Eusebius)68 years
Highest attestationYear 35

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Amenemhat II: Heken em Maat
Heken em Maat
ḥkn-m-mꜢꜤt
Horus who delights in Maat
H-k:n-m-C10
Funerary stele from Abydos (Cairo Museum, JE 12644, CG 20541)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenemhat II: Heken em Maat
Heken em Maat
ḥkn-m-mꜢꜤt
Horus who delights in Maat
H-k:n-m-U4:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 124 a14
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenemhat II: Heken em Maat
Heken em Maat
ḥkn-m-mꜢꜤt
Horus who delights in Maat
H-k:n-m-mA:mAa-a:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 123b
Nebty name
Nebty name of Amenemhat II: Heken em Maat
Heken em Maat
ḥkn-m-mꜢꜤt
He who delights in Maat
H-k:n-m-C10
Funerary stele from Abydos (Cairo Museum, JE 12644, CG 20541)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Amenemhat II: Heken em Maat
Heken em Maat
ḥkn-mꜢꜤt
He who delights in Maat
H-k:n-m-U4:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 124 a14-15
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Amenemhat II: Maat kheru
Maat kheru
mꜢꜤt-ḫrw
True of voice
U1:Aa11-P8
Funerary stele from Abydos (Cairo Museum, JE 12644, CG 20541)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Amenemhat II: Maat kheru
Maat kheru
mꜢꜤ(t)-ḫrw
True of voice
xrw*Aa11v*G5:nbw
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 123 a15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Amenemhat II: Nebu kau Ra
Nebu kau Ra
nbw-kꜢw-rꜤ
Golden are the souls of Ra
ra:nbw-kA*kA:kA
Abydos king list 61
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 123-124
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:T
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenemhat II: Nebu ka Ra
Nebu ka Ra
nbw-kꜢ-rꜤ
The soul of Ra is golden
ra-nbw-kA
Saqqara king list 17
. Ramesside Inscriptions, III, 481 (17)
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenemhat II: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 6.22
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), V:22
Birth name
Birth name of Amenemhat II: Amenemhat
Amenemhat
imn-m-ḥꜢt
Amun is in front
i-mn:n-m-HAt:t
Niche-stela from Abydos (CG 20531)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenemhat II: Amenemhat
Amenemhat
imn-m-ḥꜢt
Amun is in front
i-mn:n-m-HAt&t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 124b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 3:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xii, 2 Aμμανεμης Ammanemes Ammanemes 38 years
Eusebius xii, 2 Aμμανεμης Ammanemes Ammanemes 68 years
Eratosthenes 33 Σταμμενεμης β Stammenemes II Stammenemes II 23 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 84–85
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 23–25
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 284–294
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 58–59

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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