Amenhotep I

Also known as: Amenophis I Dynasty XVIII

Despite his nebty name "He who inspires great fear," Amenhotep I seems to have enjoyed a peaceful and prosperous reign. He embarked on a number of building projects, but most were later dismantled by his successors and used as filling for their own projects. In anticipation of celebrating his Sed festival after at the usual 30 year of reign, he had structures built at Karnak, but was not to be used or completed.

Reign of Amenhotep I
AE Chronology1514–1494
von Beckerath1525–1504
Shaw1525–1504
Dodson1524–1503
Malek1525–1504
Arnold1525–1504
Grimal1526–1506
Redford1545–1525
Manetho (Josephus)20y 7m
Manetho (Africanus)24 years
Manetho (Eusebius)21 years
Manetho (Jerome)21 years
Highest attestationYear 21

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Amenhotep I: Kau waf tau
Kau waf tau
kꜢ-wꜤf-tꜢw
Bull who subdues the lands
E1-w-a:f-N17:N17:N17
Limestone statue, British Museum, EA 683
Naville, The XIth dynasty temple at Deir el-Bahari, I, p.60
Doorway to the Chapel of Amenhotep I (Karnak Open Air Museum)
Legrain, Second rapport sur les travaux exécutés à Karnak, ASAE 4 (1903): 15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenhotep I: Waf tawy
Waf tawy
wꜤf-tꜢwi
He who subdues the lands
w-a:f-N16:N16:N16
Clepsydra incription (now lost) from Theban Tomb C2
Borchardt, Geschichte der altägyptischen Zeitmesser, plate 18 (5)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Amenhotep I: Aa neru
Aa neru
ꜤꜢ-nrw
He who inspires great fear
aA:n:r-H4-w
Legrain, Second rapport sur les travaux exécutés à Karnak, ASAE 4 (1903): 15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:N
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Amenhotep I:
ꜤꜢ-nrw
He who inspires great fear
aA:H4*Z2
Doorway to the Chapel of Amenhotep I (Karnak Open Air Museum)
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Amenhotep I: Wah renput
Wah renput
wꜢḥ-rnpwt
Enduring of years
V29-M4-M4-M4
Gauthier, Livre des Rois d'Égypte, II, 200 (XIV)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:G
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Amenhotep I: Wah renput
Wah renput
wꜢḥ-rnp
Enduring of years
V29-M4
Doorway to the Chapel of Amenhotep I (Karnak Open Air Museum)
Throne name
Throne name of Amenhotep I: Djoser ka Ra
Djoser ka Ra
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Holy is the soul of Ra
ra-Dsr-kA
Abydos king list 67
Saqqara king list 11
Legrain, Second rapport sur les travaux exécutés à Karnak, ASAE 4 (1903): 15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenhotep I: Djoser ka Ra
Djoser ka Ra
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Holy is the soul of Ra
N5-D45-D28-Z1
Ebers, Papyros Ebers I, p. 37
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 44:5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenhotep I: Djoser ka Ra
Djoser ka Ra
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
Holy is the soul of Ra
ra-D45:r-kA
Clepsydra inscription, Theban Tomb C2. Fragment Berlin ÄM 14470
Borchardt, Geschichte der altägyptischen Zeitmesser, 60-63, Pl. 18
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, I, 457
Birth name
Birth name of Amenhotep I: Amenhotep
Amenhotep
imn-ḥtp
Amun is satisfied
i-mn:n-Htp:t*p
Legrain, Second rapport sur les travaux exécutés à Karnak, ASAE 4 (1903): 16
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep I: Amenhotep*
Amenhotep*
imn-ḥtpw
Amun is satisfied
i-mn:n-Htp:t*p-W-G7
Ostracon CG 25234
Cerny, BIFAO 27. 183–184
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 370
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep I: Amenhotep heqa Waset
Amenhotep heqa Waset
imn-ḥtp ḥḳꜢ-wꜢst
Amun is satisfied, ruler of Thebes
i-mn:n:Htp-HqA-R19
Spielberg, Die ägyptische Sammlung des Museum Meermanno-Westreenianum im Haag, plate 2a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 2:E2
Throne + Birth name
Throne + Birth name of Amenhotep I: Djoser ka Ra Amenhotep
Djoser ka Ra Amenhotep
ḏsr-kꜢ-rꜤ imn-ḥtp
Holy is the soul of Ra, Amun is satisfied
ra:D45-kA-i-mn:n:Htp
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 4 c+d

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 3 Αμενωφθις Amenophthis Amenophthis 24 years
Eusebius xviii, 3 Aμμενωφίς Ammenophis Ammenophis 21 years
Jerome Amenophis 21 years
Josephus 95 Aμενωφις Amenophis Amenophis 20 years, 7 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 132–133
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 36–39
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 197–212
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 96

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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