Artaxerxes I

 Dynasty XXVII


Reign of Artaxerxes I
465–424
Manetho (Africanus)41 years
Manetho (Eusebius)40 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Birth name
Birth name of Artaxerxes I: Artekhshesesh
Artekhshesesh
Ꜥrtḫšsš
Artaxerxes
A:N17-x-M8A-M8A-s
Hammamat rock inscription 144
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 283q
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 4:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Artaxerxes I: Artekhshesesh
Artekhshesesh
Ꜥrtḫšsš
Artaxerxes
A:T-M12-N37A:z-M8A
Vase (Berlin, ÄM 14463)
ZÄS 49, 75, pl. 8 (3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 4:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Artaxerxes I: Artekhshesesh
Artekhshesesh
Ꜥrtḫšsš
Artaxerxes
A:N17-M12-M8:z-M8
Hammamat rock inscription 145
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 283p

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvii, 5 Aρταξερξης Artaxerxes Artaxerxes 41 years
Eusebius xxvii, 5 Aρταξερξης Artaxerxes Artaxerxes 40 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 220–221
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 152–154
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 168

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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