|Reign of Artaxerxes I|
|Manetho (Africanus)||41 years|
|Manetho (Eusebius)||40 years|
From the hieroglyphic records
From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity
|Africanus xxvii, 5||Aρταξερξης||Artaxerxes||Artaxerxes||41 years|
|Eusebius xxvii, 5||Aρταξερξης||Artaxerxes||Artaxerxes||40 years|
Beckerath, J. Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 220–221
Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 152–154
Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 168
The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.
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