Artaxerxes III

 Dynasty XXXI

Artaxerxes III is not attested in hieroglyphic inscriptions, but his name is present in demotic, in the Demotic Chronicle papyrus, and on coins.

Reign of Artaxerxes III
AE Chronology343–338
von Beckerath342–337
Shaw343–338
Dodson342–338
Redford343–338
Manetho2 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

None known

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxxi, 1 Ωχος Okhos Ochus 2 years
Eusebius xxxi, 1 Ωχος Okhos Ochus 2 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 231
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 173
Spiegelberg, Die sogenannte demotische Chronik des Pap. 215 der Bibliothèque Nationale zu Paris, Leipzig, 1914.

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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