Hatshepsut

Also known as: Hatchepsut
Dynasty XVIII
picture of Statue of Hatshepsut in Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden, The Netherlands
When Thutmose II died Thutmose III was too young to rule, so Hatshepsut became his regent, and ultimately her rise in power was complete when she became pharaoh. She never denied kingship to young Thutmose III, they rather seem to have been on very friendly terms. She was only the second queen to have ruled Egypt with certainty – the first in some 300 years. Josephus mentions that Amessis was a woman, but Africanus fail to mention that Amensis was female.

For unknown reasons, Hatshepsut was erased from official monuments twenty years after her death, during the later part of Tuthmose III's reign. Strangely enough, only the more visible and accessible images of her were erased or defaced. She was not included in the Ramesside king lists of Seti I and Ramesses II.

Reign of Hatshepsut
AE Chronology1479–1458
von Beckerath1479–1458
Shaw1473–1458
Dodson1472–1457
Malek1479–1457
Arnold1473–1458
Grimal1478–1458
Redford1502–1482
Manetho (Josephus)21y 9m
Manetho (Africanus)22 years
Highest attestationYear 20

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name: Useret kau
Useret kau
 wsr.t-kꜢ.w
 Mighty of Ka's
wsr-s-t:kA-kA:kA
Karnak Obelisks E and F
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 22-24
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 5:H
Nebty name
Nebty name: Wadjet renput
Wadjet renput
 wꜢḏ.t-rnp.wt
 Flourishing of years
wAD:t-rnp-rnp-rnp
Karnak Obelisk E
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 22
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 5:N

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name: Netjeret khau
Netjeret khau
 nṯrt-ḫꜤw
 Divine of appearance
nTr-t:xa:Z2
Karnak Obelisk E
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 22
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 5:G1

Variants

Throne name
Throne name: Maat ka Ra
Maat ka Ra
 mꜢꜤt-kꜢ-rꜤ
 The true one of the ka of Ra
ra-C10A-kA
Karnak Obelisk E
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 22-23
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 5:T1

Variants

Birth name
Birth name: Khnemet Amun Hat shepsut
Khnemet Amun Hat shepsut
 imn-ẖnmt ḥꜢ.t-šps.wt
 United with Amun, foremost of noble ladies
i-mn:n-W9:t-HAt-t&A51-Z3
Karnak Obelisk E
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 22-23
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 5:E2

Variants

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 4 Αμενσις Amensis Amensis 22 years
Josephus 95 Aμεσσης Amesses ♀ Amesses ♀ 21 years, 9 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 134–135
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 104–110
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 236–252
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 98

 

 



These pages came from: PHARAOH.SE






With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
© 2011-2018 by Peter Lundström — All Rights Reserved — V.2018-01-31
𓏙𓋹𓆖