Mentuhotep IV

Also known as: Montuhotep IV Dynasty XI

The seven year lacuna noted in the Turin King-list 6.18 seems to fit well with Mentuhotep IV being the last king of the dynasty, though it only give 6 kings belonging to the dynasty. It seems likely that his vizier, a certain Amenemhat, succeeded him on the throne, starting the great twelfth dynasty as Amenemhat I.

Reign of Mentuhotep IV
AE Chronology1947–1940
von Beckerath1983–1976
Shaw1992–1985
Dodson2001–1994
Malek1987–1980
Grimal1997–1991
Franke1945–1938

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Mentuhotep IV: Neb tawy
Neb tawy
nb-tꜢwi
The Lord of the Two Lands
nb:N17:N17
Wadi Hammamat rock inscription
MIFAO 34. 98 (192)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 149c-d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 7:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Mentuhotep IV: Neb tawy
Neb tawy
nb-tꜢwi
The Lord of the Two Lands
nb:N17:N17
Wadi Hammamat rock inscription
MIFAO 34. 98 (192)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 149c-d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 7:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Mentuhotep IV: Netjeru nebu
Netjeru nebu
nṯrw-nbw
The golden one of the Gods
nTrw:nbw
Wadi Hammamat rock inscription
MIFAO 34. 98 (192)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 149c-d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 7:G
Throne name
Throne name of Mentuhotep IV: Neb tawy Ra
Neb tawy Ra
nb-tꜢwi-rꜤ
The lord of the Two Lands of Ra
ra-nb:N17:N17
Wadi Hammamat rock inscription
MIFAO 34. 98 (192)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 149c-h
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 7:T1
Birth name
Birth name of Mentuhotep IV: Mentuhotep
Mentuhotep
mnṯw-ḥtp
Montu is satisfied
mn:n:T-w-Htp:t*p
Wadi Hammamat rock inscription
MIFAO 34. 98 (192)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 149c-d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 80-81, 7:E

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 80–81
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 229–230
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 222–225
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 56

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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