Ptolemy IX

Also known as: Ptolemaios Soter Lathyrus Ptolemaic Dynasty


Reign of Ptolemy IX
116–107

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ptolemy IX: Djoser mesut hena hapu ankh, netjeri kheperu, sensen mesekhen net sa Aset
Djoser mesut hena hapu ankh, netjeri kheperu, sensen mesekhen net sa Aset
ḏsr-mswt-ḥnꜤ-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ nṯri-ḫpr(w) snsn-msḫn(t)-nt-zꜢ-Ꜣst
Distinguished through his birth together with the living Apis, godlike at conception, twin in his birthplace with the son of Isis
D250:r-ms-s-Z3-V77-Aa5:p-zA-anx-E95-O249-xpr:r-A40-A80-ms-s-x*nw:N37-nw:t-zA&1-Q1:t-C159D
First reign
Dumichen, Altägyptische Tempelinschriften, I, plate CIV
deRouge, Inscriptions et notices recueillies a Edfou, I, plate XLIII
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 870
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 9:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ptolemy IX: Ka nakht ity pesedj em tameri mi hapu ankh, redj enef habu-sed ashau weru mi Ptah-Tatenen it netjeru
Ka nakht ity pesedj em tameri mi hapu ankh, redj enef habu-sed ashau weru mi Ptah-Tatenen it netjeru
kꜢ-nḫt ity-psḏ-m-tꜢmri-mi-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ rdi-n.f-ḥꜢbw-sd-ꜤšꜢw-wrw-mi-ptḥ-tꜢṯnn-it-nṯrw
The strong bull and sovereign who shines in Ta-mery like the living Apis bull, whom has been given many Sed festivals like Ptah Ta-tjenen, and father of the gods
E1-Z9:D40-mi-i-U33-i-i-A311B-Dd-Aa56-N8-N17:t:O5*O49-anx-E95-mi-r:t:a-n:f-O23D:Z2-I1:Z2-wr:Z2-mi-p:Z1-H-C18C-t:f:Z1:f-G5&3
Second reign
Gauthier, Le livre des Rois d'Egypte, IV, 359 (XLV)
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 871
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 9:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ptolemy IX: Sekha su mutef her nesut itef iti tawy em Maat-kheru
Sekha su mutef her nesut itef iti tawy em Maat-kheru
sḫꜤi-sw-mwt.f-ḥr-nst-it.f iṯi-tꜢwi m mꜢꜤ-ḫrw
The one whose mother placed on the throne of his father, who has siezed the inheritance of the Two Lands in justification
s-xa:a:Y1-sw-w-t&G14-f:D2*1-g:pr-t:f:Z1:f-V15:f-M127-wAD-Aa56-Sw-P8
First reign
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegypticarum, V, 870
Daressy, Note sur des bas-reliefs du temple de Deir el-Médineh, BIFAO 6, 73
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 9:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Ptolemy IX: Wer pehty khenti-she neheh semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
Wer pehty khenti-she neheh semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
wr-pḥti ḫnti-š-nḥḥ smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
wr:r-F9*F9:Z9:D40-W17A-N37A:N36-H-ra-H-s-U32-h:p-H27:Z2-mi-G191B-O29v-O29v
Second reign
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 359 (XLV)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 240-241, 9:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Ptolemy IX: Wer pehty sekhem wadj-wer iti iwa tawy em Maat-kheru, menkh-ib kher netjeru remetju
Wer pehty sekhem wadj-wer iti iwa tawy em Maat-kheru, menkh-ib kher netjeru remetju
wr-pḥti sḫm-WꜢḏ-wr iti-iwꜤ-tꜢwi-m-mꜢꜤ-ḫrw mnḫ-ib-ḫr-nṯrw-rmṯw
wr:r-F9*F9:Z9:D40-Dsr-M14-wr:N36-V15-F44-xpr:N21-xpr:N21-Aa15:Sw*P8-mnx-ib:1-N37A:r-G7&3
Second reign
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 358 (XLII A)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:H3
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy IX: Neb ta mery, heqaef em haau neb habu-sed mi Tatenen it netjeru nesut ity semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
Neb ta mery, heqaef em haau neb habu-sed mi Tatenen it netjeru nesut ity semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
nb-tꜢmri ḥḳꜢ.f-m-ḥꜤꜤw nb-ḥꜢbw-sd-mi-tꜢṯnn-it-nṯrw-nsyt(?) ity-smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ
Lord of Egypt who rules in joy, the lord of the Sed festival like Ptah-Tatenen, king of the Gods, who determines the laws like the great god Thoth
nb:N16-O5:O49-HqA-A40D-f:Aa15-A137-nb:O23D-Z3-C18C-t:f-nTrw-sw-i-i-t:3-A304G-A311A-D29-U32-h*p:Y1:Z2-G191B-O29v-O29v-mi
First reign
Daressy, Note sur des bas-reliefs du temple de Deir el-Médineh, BIFAO 6, 73
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Ptolemy IX: Shesep ta mery, heqaef em haau, neb habu-sed ashau weru mi itef Ptah-Tatenen semsu netjeru, shesepenef nesyt en Ra em qenu nekhet ity wedja Maat semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
Shesep ta mery, heqaef em haau, neb habu-sed ashau weru mi itef Ptah-Tatenen semsu netjeru, shesepenef nesyt en Ra em qenu nekhet ity wedja Maat semen hepu mi Djehuti-aa
šzp-tꜢmri ḥḳꜢ.f-m-ḥꜤꜤw nb-ḥꜢbw-sd-ꜤšꜢw-wrw-mi-it.f-Ptḥ-tꜢṯnn-smsw-nṯrw šzp.n.f-nsyt-n-rꜤ-m-ḳnw-nḫt (ity-wḏꜤ-MꜢꜤt smn-hpw-mi-ḏḥwti-ꜤꜢ-ꜤꜢ)
Who, seizing Egypt, rules in joy, the lord of many great Sed festivals like his father Ptah-Tatenen, the oldest of the Gods
O42A:N17-O145-t:O49-A40C-A9-m-A137-nb:O23D-I1:Z2-wr:r-Z3-mi-t:A9-A9-C19C-C18C-A23A-G7D-G7D-G7D-d:n:f-A43B-t:Z2A-S3-C2B-m-T16A\-nw-A24
Second reign
Chassinat, le Temple d'Edfou, V, 5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Ptolemy IX: Iwa netjer menekh netjeret meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah iri maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
Iwa netjer menekh netjeret meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah iri maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mr(t)-mwt.s-nḏt(t) stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
The heir of the Beneficient God and the Goddess who loves her mother and who saves, the chosen of Ptah, who brings forth the order of Ra, the living image of Amun
mnx-nTr-t-nTr-D39:t*H8-z:N36-Aa27D-t:H8-F44-A41-sxm-C12C\-C2A-stp:n-ir:Aa11
First reign
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 42c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy IX: Iwa netjer menekh netjeret meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah, ir Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
Iwa netjer menekh netjeret meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah, ir Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mr(t)-mwt.s-nḏt(t) stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
mnx-nTr-1-nTr-D39:z:N36-nw:t-Aa27D-F44:n-A40-sxm-C12\-C2-stp:ir-Aa11:n
First reign
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), Text IV, 108α
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy IX: Iwa netjer menekh netjeret Meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah, iri Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
Iwa netjer menekh netjeret Meret mutes nedjet setep en Ptah, iri Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯr-mnḫ-nṯrt-mr(t)-mwt.s-nḏt(t) stp.n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-imn
mnx-nTr-F44-nTr-t:H8-t&G14-s:N36-Aa27D-nw*t:D40-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11-C12\-C1-sxm-anx
First reign
Daressy, Note sur des bas-reliefs du temple de Deir el-Médineh, BIFAO 6, 72
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 360 (XLVIII A)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ptolemy IX: Iwa aanetjeru menekhu setep en Ptah iri Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
Iwa aanetjeru menekhu setep en Ptah iri Maat Ra sekhem ankh Amun
iwꜤ-ꜤꜢ-(n)-nṯrwi-mnḫwi stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ sḫm-Ꜥnḫ-n-imn
mnx-nTr-mnx-nTr-F44-p:t-H-stp:n-ir:Aa11:n-C2\-C12-sxm-anx
Second reign
Gauthier, Le Livre des Rois d'Égypte, IV, 358 (XLII A)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Ptolemy IX: Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏt mri-ptḥ
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&(t:N17)-p:t-H-N36
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 42c
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 242-243, 9:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

GreekTransliterationTranscription
Πτολεμαιος Σωτηρ Λαθυρος Ptolemaios Sōtēr Láthuros Ptolemy Soter Lathyros

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 240–243
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 346–365
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 183–185

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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