Ramesses IV

 Dynasty XX

The third pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty, he was the fifth son of Ramesses III, and in the confusion after his father's assassination, managed to secure the throne for himself.

Reign of Ramesses IV
AE Chronology1156–1150
von Beckerath1152–1145
Shaw1153–1147
Dodson1153–1146
Malek1153–1147
Arnold1163–1156
Grimal1154–1148
Redford1166–1160
Highest attestationYear 7

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ramesses IV: Ka nakht ankh em Maat
Ka nakht ankh em Maat
kꜢ-nḫt Ꜥnḫ-m-mꜢꜤt
Horus, the strong bull, his Maat lives
E1:D40-mAat*anx:Aa11
Year 1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 36
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 3:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ramesses IV: Ka nakht ankh em Maat neb habu-sed mi itef Ptah-Tatenen
Ka nakht ankh em Maat neb habu-sed mi itef Ptah-Tatenen
kꜢ-nḫt Ꜥmḫ-m-mꜢꜤt nb-ḥꜢbw-sd-mi-it.f-pth-tꜢṯnn
Horus, the strong bull, his Maat lives, master of the Heb-Sed like his father Ptah-Tatenen
E1:D40-anx-m-Sw-nb:O23F*Z3-mi-i-t:f:Z1:f-p:t-H-C18F
Year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, II, plate 101 (bottom)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 3:H1
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ramesses IV: Mek Kemet waf pedjut 9
Mek Kemet waf pedjut 9
mk-kmt wꜤf-pḏt-9
The protector of Egypt, he who vanquishes the Nine Bows
Aa11:a:k-I6:Aa15:t*O49-G45:f-V1:D40-pD:t*3:3*3
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, II, plate 101 (bottom)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 3:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ramesses IV: User renput wer nakhtu
User renput wer nakhtu
wsr-rnpwt wr-nḫtw
The golden falcon, rich in years, whose victories are great
wsr-s-rnp-rnp-rnp-wr:r-n:xt:x*t:D40-Z3
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, II, plate 101 (bottom)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 3:G
Throne name
Throne name of Ramesses IV: User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Usermaatra, chosen one of Amun
ra-wsr-Sw-C12-stp-S3
Year 1
Couyat, Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouadi Hammamat, 86
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 166-167, 3:T1
Throne name variant A
Throne name (variant A) of Ramesses IV: User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Usermaatra, chosen one of Amun
C2\-wsr-C12B-stp-S3
Year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, II, plate 101 (bottom)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T3
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Ramesses IV: User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
User Maat Ra, setep en Amun
wsr-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Usermaatra, chosen one of Amun
C2\-wsr-C10A-stp-N-i-mn:n
Year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, VI, plate 101 B (usurped by Ramesses VI)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T4
Throne name variant C
Throne name (variant C) of Ramesses IV: Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Amun
Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Amun
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Ruler of the Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Amun
ra-HqA-C12B-stp:n
After year 1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 12
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T5
Throne name variant D
Throne name (variant D) of Ramesses IV: Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Amun
Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Amun
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Ruler of the Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Amun
C10A\-ra:HqA-C12-stp*S3
After year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, V, plate 360 B
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T6
Throne name variant E
Throne name (variant E) of Ramesses IV: Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Amun
Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Amun
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Ruler of the Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Amun
ra-HqA-C10A-mn:n:stp:n
After year 1
Couyat, Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouadi Hammamat, 240
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T7
Throne name variant F
Throne name (variant F) of Ramesses IV: Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Ra
Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Ra
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Ruler of the Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Ra
ra-HqA-C10A-stp&n&ra
After year 1
Gardiner, Peet, Cerny, The Inscriptions of Sinai, I, plate LXXV (277)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T9
Throne name variant G
Throne name (variant G) of Ramesses IV: Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Ptah
Heqa Maat Ra, setep en Ptah
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ stp.n-ptḥ
Ruler of the Maat like Ra, the chosen one of Ptah
ra-HqA-C102F-stp:n
After year 1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 35
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T10
Throne name variant H
Throne name (variant H) of Ramesses IV: Heqa Maat Ra
Heqa Maat Ra
ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ
Ruler of the Maat like Ra
ra-C10C
After year 1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 80
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:T11
Birth name
Birth name of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri-imn
Ramesses, ruler of Maat, beloved of Amun
ra-C2\*C12A-N36-HqA-ms:z:z-Sw
Year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, VIII, plate 593
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E1
Birth name variant A
Birth name (variant A) of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri-imn
Ramesses, ruler of the Maat, beloved of Amun
U6\-C12B\-ra:HqA-C2-ms-s-sw
Year 1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 10
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E2
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri.imn
Ramesses, ruler of Maat, beloved of Amun
U6\-C12\-C2-ms*(ra:HqA)*C10A:z:z
Year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, II, plate 101 (bottom)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E3
Birth name variant C
Birth name (variant C) of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri-imn
Ramesses, ruler of Maat, beloved of Amun
A272-s-s-HqA-Sw-C12A:N36
Year 1
. Ramesside Inscriptions, VI, 1
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E4
Birth name variant D
Birth name (variant D) of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri-imn
Ramesses, ruler of Maat, beloved of Amun
U6\-C12\-ra:HqA-C2I-ms-s-sw
After year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, V, plate 361 B
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E5
Birth name variant E
Birth name (variant E) of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri-imn
Ramesses, ruler of Maat, beloved of Amun
ms:z:z-C2\-C12-Sw\*Sw:N36
After year 1
Gardiner, Peet, Cerny, The Inscriptions of Sinai, I, plate LXXI (276)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E7
Birth name variant F
Birth name (variant F) of Ramesses IV: Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
Ramessu heqa Maat mery Amun
rꜤ-msi-sw ḥḳꜢ-mꜢꜤt mri-imn
Ramesses, ruler of Maat, beloved of Amun
sw\-s\-ms-C2A\-C12B-C10A:N36
After year 1
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, V, plate 301
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 168-169, 3:E8

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 166–169
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 317–321
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 178–190
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 130

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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