Senusret I

Also known as: Senusret I, Senwosret I Dynasty XII

Senusret I was made co-regent with his father, Amenemhat I, twenty years into his fathers reign. His obelisk at ancient Heliopolis in Cairo is the oldest standing obelisk in Egypt, and another less known obelisk sits in the center of a roundabout in Medinet el-Fayyum.

He is included in Manetho's king list as Sesonkhosis, but his name is absent on all the New Kingdom king lists except the Turin Canon (6.21), where part of his name is found along with a 45 year reign.

Reign of Senusret I
AE Chronology1920–1875
von Beckerath1956–1911
Shaw1965–1920
Dodson1974–1929
Malek1960–1916
Arnold1971–1926
Grimal1962–1928
Franke1919–1875
Redford1971–1928
Turin Canon45 (years)
Manetho46 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx-ms-t-w
Heliopolis Obelisk
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 118h
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx-ms:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 121
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx:t-ms:Z2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 122
Nebty name
Nebty name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx-ms-t-w
Heliopolis Obelisk
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 118h
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx-ms:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 121
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx:t-ms:Z2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 122
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
(anx*ms:t)*G5:nbw
Heliopolis Obelisk
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 118h
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx-ms:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 121
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:G2
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Senusret I: Ankh mesut
Ankh mesut
Ꜥnḫ-mswt
Living of births
anx:t-ms:Z2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 122
Throne name
Throne name of Senusret I: Kheper ka Ra
Kheper ka Ra
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The Ka of Ra is created
ra-xpr-kA
Abydos king list 60
Saqqara king list 16
Heliopolis Obelisk
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 118h
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:T
Throne name variant
Throne name of Senusret I: ..ka..
..ka..
//-kꜢ-//
//-kA-Z1
Royal Canon of Turin 6.21
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), V:21
Only the last sign of the name Kheperkara remaining
Birth name
Birth name of Senusret I: Senusret
Senusret
zn-wsrt
Man of Wosret
wsr-s-r:t-z:n
Heliopolis and Crocodilpolis Obelisks
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 118h + 119
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 82-83, 2:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xii, 1 Σεσονχοσις Sesonkhosis Sesonchosis 46 years
Eusebius xii, 1 Σεσονχοσις Sesonchosis Sesonchosis 46 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 82–83
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 390–394
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 265–284
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 58

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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