Senusret II

Also known as: Senusret II, Senwosret II Dynasty XII

Senusret II is present on the Abydos and Saqqara king lists, and his name was likely present on the Turin Canon (6.23) where the name unfortunately is lost, only the record of a 19 year reign remain. Despite having the same name, Manetho's Sesostris refers to Senusret II's son and successor, Senusret III, who arguably was the most powerful ruler of the dynasty.

Reign of Senusret II
AE Chronology1845–1837
von Beckerath1882–1872
Shaw1880–1874
Dodson1900–1880
Malek1886–1878
Arnold1897–1878
Grimal1895–1878
Franke1845–1837
Redford1897–1877
Turin Canon19 years
Highest attestationYear 8

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Senusret II: Seshemu tawy
Seshemu tawy
sšmw-tꜢwi
He who leads the Two Lands
s-T32-w-N17:N17
Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Beni Hassan 3)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 125 (a129)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:H1
Nebty name
Nebty name of Senusret II: Sekha Maat
Sekha Maat
sḫꜤi-mꜢꜤt
He who causes Maat to appear
s-xa:a:Y1-mAa:a:t-Sw
Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Beni Hassan 3)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 125 (a129)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Senusret II: Sekha Maat
Sekha Maat
sḫꜤi-mꜢꜤt
He who causes Maat to appear
s-xa:a:mAa:t
Stele Louvre C 170
Gayet, Stèles de la XIIe dynastie au Musée égyptien du Louvre, plate XXVII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Senusret II: Hotep netjeru
Hotep netjeru
ḥtp-nṯrw
He who appeases the gods
(nTrw:Htp)*G5:nbw
Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Beni Hassan 3)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 125 (a130)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:G1
Throne name
Throne name of Senusret II: Kha kheper Ra
Kha kheper Ra
ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ
The Ka of Ra comes into being
ra-xa-xpr
Abydos king list 62
Saqqara king list 18
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Senusret II: Kha kheper Ra
Kha kheper Ra
ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ
The Ka of Ra comes into being
ra-xpr-xa
Birch, Catalogue of the collection of Egyptian antiquities at Alnwick Castle, pl. IV
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Senusret II: Kha kheper Ra
Kha kheper Ra
ḫꜤ-ḫpr-rꜤ
The Ka of Ra comes into being
ra-xa:a-xpr
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 123d
Throne name variant
Throne name of Senusret II: Name missing
Name missing
Royal Canon of Turin 6.23
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), V:23
Birth name
Birth name of Senusret II: Senusret
Senusret
s-n-wsrt
Man of Wosret
wsr-s-r:t-z:n
Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Beni Hassan 3)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 125 (a131) + 123d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 84-85, 4:E

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 84–85
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 394–397
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 295–301
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 59

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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