Shebitko

Also known as: Shebitku Dynasty XXV

Recent archaeological evidence now favours a Shebitko-Shabaka succession against the Shabaka-Shebitko tradition.

Reign of Shebitko
AE Chronology706–690
von Beckerath698–690
Shaw702–690
Dodson707–690
Arnold702–690
Grimal702–690
Redford705–690
Manetho (Africanus)14 years
Manetho (Eusebius)12 years
Manetho (Jerome)12 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Shebitko: Djed khau
Djed khau
ḏd-ḫꜤw
Stable of appearances
Dd-xa:a
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Shebitko: Djed khau
Djed khau
ḏd-ḫꜤw
Stable of appearances
Dd-w&xa
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 29 (c3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Shebitko: Djed khau Sha ba ta ka
Djed khau Sha ba ta ka
ḏd-ḫꜤw šꜢbꜢtꜢkꜢ
Stable of appearances, Shabataka
Dd-xa-w-M8A-E10-N17:kA
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 29 (c2)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:H4
Horus name variant
Horus name of Shebitko: Djed khat
Djed khat
ḏd-ḫꜤt
Dd-xa:t
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Shebitko: Aa shefyt em tau nebu
Aa shefyt em tau nebu
ꜤꜢ-šfit-m-tꜢw-nb(w)
Great of majesty in all lands
aA:a-F8-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Shebitko: Sekha em Maat mery tawy
Sekha em Maat mery tawy
sḫꜤi-mꜢꜤt mri-tꜢwi
s-xa:a:Y1-U4-a:t-mr*i*i:N17:N17
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Shebitko: Djed khau
Djed khau
ḏd-ḫꜤw
Stable of appearances
Dd-xa:a-w
Beckerath, The Nile Level Records at Karnak and their Importance, JARCE 5: 53:33
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:N3
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Shebitko: Aa khepesh hui pedjut 9
Aa khepesh hui pedjut 9
ꜤꜢ-ḥpš ḥwi-pḏt
The one great of strength who has struck down the Nine Bows
aA:a:xpS-H-A24-pD:3:3*3
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Shebitko: Her her nakht
Her her nakht
hr-ḥr-nḫtw
The one who is satisfied with victory
O4A:r:Y1-D2:Z1-n:x*t:D40
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Shebitko: Djed kau Ra
Djed kau Ra
ḏd-kꜢw-rꜤ
The stable one of the kas of Ra
ra-Dd-kA*kA:kA
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Shebitko: Djed ka Ra
Djed ka Ra
ḏd-kꜢ-rꜤ
The stable one of the ka of Ra
ra-Dd-kA
Donation Stela of Shebitqo
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Acc. No. 65.45
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Shebitko: Sha ba ta ka
Sha ba ta ka
šꜢbꜢtꜢkꜢ
Shabataka
M8A-E10-N17:kA
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shebitko: Sha ba ta ka mery Amun
Sha ba ta ka mery Amun
šꜢbꜢtꜢkꜢ mri-imn
Shabataka, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:U7-M8A-E10-N17:kA
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), V, 3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Shebitko: Sha ba ta ka mery Ptah
Sha ba ta ka mery Ptah
šꜢbꜢtꜢkꜢ mri-ptḥ
Shabataka, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-N36:M8A-E10-N17:kA
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 29 (c1)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 208-209, 5:E3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxv, 2 Σεβιχως Sebikhos Sebichus 14 years
Eusebius xxv, 2 Σεβιχως Sebikhos Sebichos 12 years
Jerome Sebichus 12 years
Herodotus 141.1 Σεθων Sethos Sethus

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 208–209
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 28–30
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 162–163

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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