Siptah

Also known as: Merenptah Siptah Dynasty XIX

Siptah became pharaoh when his father died, but as he was still only around ten years old, his stepmother Queen Tausret became his regent, and on his death, pharaoh. Siptah is excluded on Ramesses III's list of ancestors at Medinet Habu which can only mean that he was not seen as a legitime pharaoh at the time. Manetho makes no mention of Siptah.

Reign of Siptah
AE Chronology1197–1193
von Beckerath1194–1186
Shaw1194–1188
Dodson1195–1189
Malek1194–1188
Arnold1204–1198
Grimal1196–1190
Redford1215–1209
Highest attestationYear 7

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Siptah: Ka nakht mery hapy, sankh ta neb em kaef Ra neb
Ka nakht mery hapy, sankh ta neb em kaef Ra neb
kꜢ-nḫt mri-ḥꜤpi sꜤnḫ-tꜢ-nb-m-kꜢ.f-rꜤ-nb
Strong bull, beloved of Hapi, who daily sustains the lands by means of his Ka
E1:D40-mr-V71-p-N35A-s-anx-N16A:nb-Aa15:kA*Z1:f-ra*Z1:nb
Year 1–2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 363:2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 7:H1
Horus name variant A
Horus name (variant A) of Siptah: Ka nakht mery Hapi
Ka nakht mery Hapi
kꜢ-nḫt mri-ḥꜤpi
The strong bull, beloved of Hapi
E1:D40-C92A-mr
Year 2–6
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 344:15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:H4
Horus name variant B
Horus name (variant B) of Siptah: Ka nakht mery Hapi
Ka nakht mery Hapi
kꜢ-nḫt mri-ḥꜤpi
The strong bull, beloved of Hapi
E1:D40-N36-H-a:p*Z4-N36:n:n:n
Davis, The tomb of Siphthah, xiii, pl. 4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:H3
Horus name variant C
Horus name (variant C) of Siptah: Ka nakht wer pehty
Ka nakht wer pehty
kꜢ-nḫt wr-pḥti
The strong bull, great of might
E1:D40-wr:r-F9*(t:Z1*Z1):D40
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV 47
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 347:13
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:H6
Nebty name
Nebty name of Siptah: Saa Iunu
Saa Iunu
sꜤꜢ-iwnw
Made great in Heliopolis
s-aA:a-A-Y1-iwn-nw:O49
Year 2–6
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 405:6
Petrie Museum UC39613
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Siptah: .. mi itef Ra
.. mi itef Ra
..-mi-it.f-rꜤ
..like his father Ra
//-mi-i-i-t:f-G7-r:a:ra-G7
Year 2–6
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 405:7-8
Petrie Museum UC39613
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:G
Throne name
Throne name of Siptah: Sekha en Ra, mery Amun
Sekha en Ra, mery Amun
sḫꜤi.n-rꜤ mri-imn
He whom Ra causes to appear, beloved of Amun
ra-s-xa:n-N36-i-mn:n
Year 1–2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 363:16
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 7:T1
Throne name variant A
Throne name (variant A) of Siptah: Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Ꜣḫ-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Akh spirit of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra-G25:n-stp&n&ra
Year 2–6
Randall-McIver, Buhen, I, 36
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:T3
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Siptah: Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Ꜣḫ-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Akh spirit of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra-Aa1&Ax-Y1:n-stp&n&ra
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV 47
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 348:2
Throne name variant C
Throne name (variant C) of Siptah: Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Akh en Ra, setep en Ra
Ꜣḫ-n-rꜤ stp.n-rꜤ
Akh spirit of Ra, chosen of Ra
ra-G25-Y1v-N-stp&n&ra
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV47, ceiling corridor (B)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 347:15
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Siptah: Ramessu si Ptah
Ramessu si Ptah
rꜤ-msi-sw sꜢ-ptḥ
Ramesses, son of Ptah
C2-ms-z:z-H8:Z1-p:t-H
Year 1–2
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 363:3
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 160-161, 7:E1
Birth name variant A
Birth name (variant A) of Siptah: Si Ptah mery en Ptah
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-N36:n:H6*Z1-p:t-H
Year 2–6
Tomb of Siptah, KV 47, ceiling corridor (B)
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 347:15
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Siptah: Si Ptah mery en Ptah
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜤ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
mr\-C102\-H8:Z1-C102-S3
Year 2–6
. Ramesside Inscriptions, IV, 345:7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:E3
Birth name variant C
Birth name (variant C) of Siptah: Si Ptah mery en Ptah
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
C102*mr:n-C102-H8:Z1
Year 2–6
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 202a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 162-163, 7:E4
Birth name variant D
Birth name (variant D) of Siptah: Si Ptah mery en Ptah
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
C102*mr:n-H8:Z1-C102
Year 2–6
Petrie, Six Temples, plate XVII (11)
Birth name variant E
Birth name (variant E) of Siptah: Si Ptah mery en Ptah
Si Ptah mery en Ptah
zꜢ-ptḥ meri.n-ptḥ
Son of Ptah, beloved of Ptah
p:t-H-U7:n-C102-H8:Z1
Year 2–6
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 202b

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 160–163
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 431–434
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 140–145
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 124

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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