Thutmose II

Also known as: Tuthmosis II, Thutmosis II Dynasty XVIII

The name of the god Thoth is an ancient Greek transcription of the original name Djehuty. Thutmose is a modern compromise between the Greek transcription Thutmosis and Djehutimes. Known as Khebron or Khebros by Manetho, he was placed as the successor of Ahmose, though he was in fact not the second king of the 18th dynasty, but the fourth. The reign order of Manetho is quite unreliable for the entire 18th dynasty. He married his half-sister, Hatshepsut, that would soon become pharaoh.

Reign of Thutmose II
AE Chronology1482–1480
von Beckerath1492–1479
Shaw1492–1479
Dodson1491–1479
Malek1492–1479
Arnold1492–1479
Grimal1493–1479
Redford1516–1504
Manetho (Josephus)13 years
Manetho (Africanus)13 years
Manetho (Eusebius)13 years
Manetho (Jerome)13 years
Highest attestationYear 1

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Thutmose II: Ka nakht user pehty
Ka nakht user pehty
kꜢ-nḫt-wst-pḥti
The strong bull, rich of strength
E1:D40-wsr-s-F9:F9
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16f
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:H
Horus name variant
Horus name of Thutmose II: Ka nakht user pehty
Ka nakht user pehty
kꜢ-nḫt-wsr-pḥti
The strong bull, rich of strength
E1-n:xt:x*t:D40-wsr-s
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16a
Nebty name
Nebty name of Thutmose II: Netjer nesyt
Netjer nesyt
nṯri-nsyt
He whose royalty is divine
nTr-sw-i-i
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:N1
Nebty name variant A
Nebty name (variant A) of Thutmose II: Netjer nesyt
Netjer nesyt
nṯri-nsyt
He whose royalty is divine
nTr-t:r:Y1-sw*t*i*i:Y1
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16f
Nebty name variant B
Nebty name (variant B) of Thutmose II: Netjer nesyt
Netjer nesyt
nṯri-nsyt
He whose royalty is divine
nTr-sw-t:n-i-t-i
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:N3
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Thutmose II: Sekhem kheperu
Sekhem kheperu
sḫm-ḫprw
He whose manifestations are powerful
sxm-xpr-w-Y1:Z2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Thutmose II: Sekhem kheperu
Sekhem kheperu
sḫm-ḫprw
He whose manifestations are powerful
sxm-xpr:Z2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Thutmose II: Aa kheper en Ra
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Great is the manifestation of Ra
ra:aA-xpr:n
Abydos king list 69
Saqqara king list 9
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:T1
Throne name variant A
Throne name (variant A) of Thutmose II: Aa kheper en Ra
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Great is the manifestation of Ra
ra-O29v-xpr-S3
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:T2
Throne name variant B
Throne name (variant B) of Thutmose II: Aa kheper en Ra
Aa kheper en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫpr-n-rꜤ
Great is the manifestation of Ra
ra:aA-xpr-S4
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16f
Birth name
Birth name of Thutmose II: Djehutimes
Djehutimes
ḏḥwti-msi(w)
Born of Thoth
G26-ms-s
ASAE, 8, 44
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:E2
Birth name variant A
Birth name (variant A) of Thutmose II: Djehutimes nefer khau
Djehutimes nefer khau
ḏḥwti-msi(w) nfr-ḫꜤw
Born of Thoth, he whose apparitions are perfect
G26-ms*nfr:z-xa:Z2
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 16a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:E1
Birth name variant B
Birth name (variant B) of Thutmose II: Djehutimes nefer khau
Djehutimes nefer khau
ḏḥwti-msi(w) nfr-ḫꜤw
Born of Thoth, he whose apparitions are perfect
G26-ms-s-nfr-xa:Z2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 134-135, 4:E1

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Rock inscription at Assuan

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 16a

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 2 Χεβρως Khebros Chebros 13 years
Eusebius xviii, 2 Χεβρων Khebron Chebron 13 years
Jerome Chebron 13 years
Josephus 95 Χεβρων Khebron Chebron 13 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 134–135
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 467–469
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 227–236
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 97–98

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

CC BY   Creative Commons
license


All content on this website is free to copy, redistribute and adapt in any medium or format, provided you give the appropriate credit. Yes, this includes images and texts. Keep information free!

This page was retrieved from PHARAOH.SE
PHARAOH.SE
© 2011–2021 by Peter Lundström — Some Rights Reserved — V. 4.0
Disclaimer: Content should be accurate, but errors and/or omissions are possible.
All information is provided "as is". Always check the sources! Best on a large screen.