Xerxes I

 Dynasty XXVII


Reign of Xerxes I
AE Chronology486–466
von Beckerath486–465
Shaw486–465
Dodson486–465
Redford486–466
Manetho21 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Birth name
Birth name of Xerxes I: Kheshyresh
Kheshyresh
ḫšriš
Xerxes
x-M8A-i-i-A-E23-M8A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 283i,l,n
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 3:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Xerxes I: Kheshyresh
Kheshyresh
ḫšriš
Xerxes
x-M8A-i-i-E23-M8A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 283o
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 220-221, 3:E2

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvii, 3 Ξερξης Xerxes Xerxes 21 years
Eusebius xxvii, 4 Ξερξης Xerxes Xerxes 21 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 220–221
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 150–152
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 168

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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