George Syncellus


In the early ninth century, George Syncellus, a monk of Constantinople, composed a chronicle of world history which was a collection of excerpts and citations from numerous sources, including kings lists from the chronicles of Africanus and Eusebius. It also had several extracts from Jewish and Christian sources.

The Book of Sothis

Believed by Syncellus to be genuine Manetho, it was clearly based upon Eusebius and Josephus, with additions that cannot easily be explained. The sequence of 86 kings is not divided into dynasties, despite Syncellus himself describing that it contained thirty. He only mentions which dynasty the kings belong to in a few cases. It is also impossible to divide the kings into dynasties as their sequence is clearly not chronological, as can be noted in the commentary.

The Book of Sothis is a pseudo-Manetho text, written by an author using Manetho's name as a pseudonym on his own work. The letter To the great King Ptolemy Philadelphus Augustus from Manetho is clearly a forgery and can not have been written by Manetho, as the title "Augustus", originates with the Roman emperors 200 years after Manetho lived! In a best case scenario, the Book of Sothis might be sourced from a severely corrupted version of an epitome of Aegyptiaca, as there are some portions that do follow Manetho, but not in the correct order.

The list of kings is included here only for the sake of completeness.
Key for commentary: E = Eusebius, S = Syncellus, J = Jospehus, A = Africanus.



No.Ancient GreekTransliterationReignCommentary
1 Μηνης Menes 35 Dynasty 1: Menes
2 Κουρωδης Kourodes 63
3 Aρισταρχος Aristarkhos 34
4 Σπανιος Spanios 36
5–672Two unrecorded kings
7 Ωσιροπις Osiropis 23
8 Σεσονχωσις Sesonkhosis 49 Dynasty 12: E = Sesonkhosis (Senusret I)
9 Aμενεμης Amenemes 29 Dynasty 12: E = Ammanemes (Amenemhat II)
10 Aπασις Amasis 2
11 Aκεσεφθρης Akesephthres 13
12 Aνχορευς Ankhoreus 9
13 Aρμιυσης Armiuses 4
14 Χαμσις Khamois 12
15 Μιαμους Miamous 14
16 Aμεσησις Amesesis 65
17 Ουσης Ouses 50
18 Ραμεσης Rhameses 29
19 Ραμεσσομενης Rhamessomenes 15
20 Ουσιμαρης Ousimares 31 Dynasty 20: perhaps Ramesses III
21 Ραμεσσησεως Rhamesseseos 23 Dynasty 20: perhaps Ramesses VIII
22 Ραμεσσαμενω Rhamessameno 19 Dynasty 20: perhaps Ramesses IX
23 Ραμεσση Ιουβασση Rhamesse Ioubasse 38 Dynasty 20: perhaps Ramesses X
24 Ραμεσση Ουαφρον Rhamesse Ouaphron 29 Dynasty 20: S: Ramesses, son of Ouaphres. (A dynasty 26 king. No.)
25 Κονχαρις Konkharis 5 Belongs to Dynasty 16 according to Syncellus.
26 Σιλιτης Silites 19 Dynasty 15: J = Salitis
27 Βαιων Baion 44 Dynasty 15: J = Beon
28 Aπαχνας Apakhnas 36 Dynasty 15: J = Apakhnas
29 Aφωφις Aphophis 61 Dynasty 15: J = Apophis
30 Σεθως Sethos 50
31 Κηρτως Kertos 29
32 Aσηθ Aseth 20
33 Aμωσις / Τεθμωσις Amosis / Tethmosis 26 Dynasty 18: J = Tethmosis. E = Amosis
34 Χεβρων Khebron 13 Dynasty 18: J and E = Khebron
35 Aμεμφις Amemphis 15 Dynasty 18: J = Amenophis. E = Ammenophis
36 Aμενσης Amenses 11 Dynasty 18: J = Amesses. A = Amensis
37 Μισφραγμουθωσις Misphragmouthosis 16 Dynasty 18: J = Mephramouthosis. E = Misphragmouthosis
38 Μισφρης Misphres 23 Dynasty 18: J = Mephres. E = Miphres
39 Τουθμωσις Touthmosis 39 Dynasty 18: J = Thmosis
40 Αμενωφθις Amenophthis 34 Dynasty 18: J = Amenothis
41 Ωρος Oros 48 Dynasty 18: J = Oros
42 Αχενχερης Akhenkheres 25 Dynasty 18: J = Akenkheres, female
43 Αθωρις Athoris 29 Dynasty 18: J = Rhatortis
44 Χενχερης Khenkheres 26 Dynasty 18: J = Akenkheres
45 Αχερρης Akherres 8 Dynasty 18: J = another Akenkheres
46 Aρμαιος / Δανος Armaios / Danaos 9 Dynasty 18: J = Armais (Horemheb)
47 Ραμεσσης / Αιγυπτος Rhamesses / Aigyptos 68 Dynasty 19: J = Ramesses (II)
48 Αμενωφις Amenophis 8 Dynasty 19: E = Ammenephthis (Merenptah)
49 Θουωρις Thouoris 17 Dynasty 19: E = Thouris (Tausret)
50 Νεχεψως Nekhepsos 19 Dynasty 26
51 Ψαμμουθις Psammouthis 13 Dynasty 26
52 4 Name missing in original (lacuna)
53 Κηρτως Kertos 16 Dynasty 19: might be variant name of Sethos
54 Ραμψις Rhampsis 45 Dynasty 19: might be Ramesses II repeated (see 47)
55 Aμενσης / Aμμενεμης Amenses / Ammenemes 26 Dynasty 19: E = Ammenemes (Amenmesse)
56 Οχυρας Okhuras 14
57 Aμενδης Amendes 27
58 Θουωρις Thouoris 50
59 Aθωθις / Φουσανος Athothis / Phousanos 28 Dynasty 1: Athothis also known as Phousanos
60 Κενκενης Kenkenes 39 Dynasty 1
61 Ουεννεφις Ouennephis 42 Dynasty 1
62 Σουσακειμ Sousakeim 34
63 Ψουενος Psouenos 25
64 Αμμενωφις Ammenophis 9
65 Νεφεχερης Nephekheres 6 Dynasty 21
66 Σαιτης Saites 15 Dynasty 15
67 Ψιναχης Psinakhes 9 Dynasty 21
68 Πετουβαστης Petoubastes 44 Dynasty 23
69 Oσωρθων Osorthon 9 Dynasty 23
70 Ψαμμος Psammos 10 Dynasty 23
71 Κονχαρις Konkkharis 21 Dynasty 22: E = Sesonkhosis
72 Oσορθων Osorthon 15 Dynasty 22
73 Τακαλωθις Takalophis 13 Dynasty 22
74 Βοκχωρις Bokkhoris 44 Dynasty 24
75 Σαβακων Sabakon 12 Dynasty 25
76 Σεβηχων Sebekhon 12 Dynasty 25
77 Ταρακης Tarakes 20 Dynasty 25
78 Aμαης Amaes 38 Dynasty 26: E = Ammeris
79 Στεφιναθης Stephinathes 27 Dynasty 26
80 Νεχεψος Nekhepsos 13 Dynasty 26
81 Νεχαω Nekhao 8 Dynasty 26
82 Ψαμμητιχος Psammetikhos 14 Dynasty 26
83 Νεχαω β Nekhao II 9 Dynasty 26
84 Ψαμουθης / Ψαμμητιχος Psammouthis / Psammetikhos 17 Dynasty 26
85 Ουαφρις Ouaphris 34 Dynasty 26
86 Aμωσις Amosis 50 Dynasty 26


Bibliography


  • 1940. Manetho. 234–249 (Cambridge, Mass.)
  • and 1996. Berossos and Manetho. 177-182 (Ann Arbor)


 

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