The Unplaced pharaohs

Kings of Egypt of which too little is known to be able to place them into a dynasty with any certainty. Some have been considered as rulers by earlier Egyptologists, but their rule has now been proved to have been false. Debate about where to place many pharaohs is an ongoing process, and new discoveries may shed a wholly new light on a certain king, or supposed king. Additionally, some might only have been provincial rulers – or not existed at all...

This is a list of kings that cannot safely be placed in a certain dynasty.
This includes (but is not limited to) rulers where new evidence has disproved their rule, such as mistaken identity etc.



Unplaced pharaohs

# Pharaoh Alternate names Dynasty
Inaros Inarus, Inaros II 27
Anather 12-16
Harsiese A 23
Ini 23
Peftjauawybast Peftjaubast 23
Pedubast III 27
Psamtik IV 27



End of page
Kinglists
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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