Neferites I in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Twenty-ninth Dynasty, a.k.a. Nepherites I, Nefaarud I

Precedessor
Amyrtaeus

Successor
Akoris

Reign of Neferites I
399–393
Dodson399–393
Manetho6 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Aa ib  The Dual King Ba en Ra, mery netjeru  Son of Ra Nef aa rud

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Aa ib
ꜤꜢ-ib
Strong-minded
aA:a-ib
Edgar, Notes from my Inspectorate, ASAE 13 (1914): 278
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:H

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Setep netjeru
stp-nṯrw
Divinely chosen
nTrw-stp
Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur 9, plate 3-4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Ba en Ra, mery netjeru
bꜢ-n-rꜤ mri-nṯrw
The spirit of Ra, beloved of the Gods
ra-E10:n-nTrA:N36
Louvre, A 26 sphinx
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:T1
Throne name variant
Ba en Ra, mery netjeru
bꜢ-n-rꜤ mri-nṯrw
The spirit of Ra, beloved of the Gods
ra-R7*E10:n-nTrw:N36
Edgar, Notes from my Inspectorate, ASAE 13 (1914): 278
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:T2

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Nef aa rud
nꜢy.f-ꜤꜢw-rwḏ
His greatness is flourishing
n:A&y-f:aA:W*Z2-T12
Louvre, A 26 sphinx
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:E1
Birth name variant
Nef aa rud
nꜢy.f-ꜤꜢw-rwḏ(w)
His greatness is flourishing
n:Ai-i-f:aA-W-rwD
Edgar, Notes from my Inspectorate, ASAE 13 (1914): 278
Birth name variant
Nef aa rud
nꜢy.f-ꜤꜢw-rwḏ(w)
His greatness is flourishing
n:G1*i*i-f:aA-W*rwD:Z2
Studien zur altägyptischen Kultur 9, plate 3-4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:E3
Birth name variant
Nef aa rud
nꜢy.f-ꜤꜢw-rwḏ
His greatness is flourishing
n:Ai-i-f:aA-rwD
Maspero, La pyramide du roi Mirinri Ier, RecTrav 11 (1889): 19
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Nef aa rud
nꜢy.f-ꜤꜢw-rwḏ
His greatness is flourishing
n:f:aA-W-r:rwD*t
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 284b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 224-225, 1:E4

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxix, 1 Νεφεριτης Nepherites 6 years
Eusebius xxix, 1 Νεφεριτης Nepherites 6 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 161–163
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 224–225
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 170
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