Ninetjer in hieroglyphs

The third pharaoh of the Second Dynasty, a.k.a. Nynetjer, Banetjer

The Horus name of Ninetjer is one of the best attested of the second dynasty. According to Africanus, Manetho gave him the name Binothris, while Eusebius claim it was Biophis; both surely comes from the similar names of the New Kingdom, Banetjer and Banetjeru. The beginning of the name on the Turin papyrus is lost, but it ends with netjeren, so that too might have contained almost the same form of the name.

Precedessor
Nebra

Successor
Wadjenes

Reign of Ninetjer
AE Chronology2700–2660
v. Beckerath2785–2742
Malek2750–2707
Redford2790–2754
Turin King List70 (years?)
Manetho (Africanus)47 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Ni netjer  The Dual King Ba netjer*

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ni netjer
ni-nṯr
Godlike one of Horus
nTr-n
Palermo Stone, Recto line 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 42-43, 3:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Ni netjer
ni-nṯr
Godlike one of the Two Ladies
nTr:n
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate VIII (13)
Kaplony, Inschriften der ägyptischen Frühzeit, III, 149 (862)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 42-43, 1:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Ren nebu
rn-nbw
Name of gold / Golden offspring
M22-(r:n:nbw)
Palermo Stone Recto line 4
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 42-43, 3:G2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Ba netjer*
bꜢ-nṯr
W10A*E11-nTr:n
Abydos Canon no. 11

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 42-43, 3:1
Throne name variant
Ba netjeru*
W10A-G29-nTr-t:r-w
Saqqara Canon no. 54

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 42-43, 3:2
Throne name variant
..netjeren*
..nṯr-rn
//-nTr-r:n
Turin King List 3.22
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 42-43, 2:3
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) II:22

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus ii, 3 Βίνωθρις Binothris 47 years
Eusebius ii, 3 Βίοφις Biophis

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 20, 38–39
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 42–43
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 28
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 281–284
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