Sneferka in hieroglyphs

The eighth pharaoh of the Second Dynasty, a.k.a. Sekanefer, Neferseka, Seneferka

The New Kingdom scribes "corrected" the name Sneferka into Neferkara by exchanging the initial S with the honorific Ra. This was a common practice that made sense to the scribes, as can be noted several times in the king lists.



Reign of Sneferka

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Son of Ra

Horus Snefer ka  Son of Ra Nefer ka Ra*

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Horus name
Snefer ka
Lacau & Lauer, La Pyramide à Degrés, IV, plate 17 (86)
Ryholt, Journal of Egyptian History, 1, 159-173
Roth, Egyptian phyles in the Old Kingdom, SAOC 48, p. 222 E:1
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 46-47, b:H1

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen.

Birth name
Nefer ka Ra*
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 6:E1
Birth name variant
Nefer ka*
Turin King List 3.25
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 6:E2
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) II:25


  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 26
  • Beckerath, J., 1999. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49: 44–45
  • Leprohon, R. J., 2013. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary. Atlanta: 30
  • Baker. D. D., 2008. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I. London: 384–385
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