Amenhotep II

Also known as: Amenophis II Dynasty XVIII

Used to be called Amenophis II, which is the hellenized name of Amenhotep from the ancient Greek historians. The destruction of monuments of Hatshepsut began during his short co-regency with his father and lasted until the most visible ones had been destroyed.

Reign of Amenhotep II
AE Chronology1425–1400
von Beckerath1428–1397
Shaw1427–1400
Dodson1424–1398
Malek1427–1401
Arnold1427–1401
Grimal1425–1401
Redford1454–1419
Manetho (Josephus)30y 10m
Manetho (Africanus)31 years
Manetho (Eusebius)31 years
Manetho (Jerome)31 years
Highest attestationYear 26

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Amenhotep II: Ka nakht wer pehty
Ka nakht wer pehty
kꜢ-nḫt wr-pḥti
The strong bull, great of power
E1:D40-wr:F9*F9
Karnak third pylon, southern wall; Tomb of Qenamun (TT93)
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 61; 63a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenhotep II: Ka nakht aa pehty
Ka nakht aa pehty
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-pḥti
The strong bull, great of might
E1:D40-aA:F9*F9
Gauthier, Livre des Rois d'Égypte, II, 277 (II)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenhotep II: Ka nakht seped abwy
Ka nakht seped abwy
kꜢ-nḫt spd-Ꜥbwi
The strong bull, sharp of horns
E1:D40-M44-F16:F16
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1301
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenhotep II: Ka nakht sekhem pehty
Ka nakht sekhem pehty
kꜢ-nḫt sḫm-pḥti
The strong bull, powerful of might
E1:D40-sxm-t-F9
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1362
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:H4
Nebty name
Nebty name of Amenhotep II: Kha khau em ipet-sut
Kha khau em ipet-sut
ḫꜤ-ḫꜤw m ipt-swt
Radiant of crowns in Karnak
xa*xa:Z2-m-i-p:t-Q1-t:Z2:x
Gauthier, Livre des Rois d'Égypte, II, 277 (II)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Amenhotep II: User fau sekha em Waset
User fau sekha em Waset
wsr-fꜢw sḫꜤi-m-wꜢst
Powerful of splendour, appearing in Thebes
wsr-s-f:F40-w-s-xa:a-m-R19-t:O49
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 65a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:N1
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Amenhotep II: Ity sekhemef em tau nebu
Ity sekhemef em tau nebu
iṯi-sḫm.f-m-tꜢw-nb(w)
Who seizes by his strength in all lands
iTi-sxm*m:f-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
No hieroghlyphs shown by von Beckerath.
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 64b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:G2
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Amenhotep II: Ity sekhemef em tau nebu
Ity sekhemef em tau nebu
iṯi-sḫm.f-m-tꜢw-nb(w)
Who seizes by his strength in all lands
iTi:t:D40-m-sxm-ra:D40:f-m-N17:N17:N17:nb
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 65a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:G1
Throne name
Throne name of Amenhotep II: Aa kheperu Ra
Aa kheperu Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-rꜤ
Great are the Manifestations of Ra
ra:aA-xpr-Z2
Abydos king list 71
Saqqara king list 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenhotep II: Aa kheperu en Ra
Aa kheperu en Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-n-rꜤ
Great are the Manifestations of Ra
ra:aA-xpr:Z2-n
Marseille Stela 14
Note, despite the extra en it must belong to Amenhotep II
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenhotep II: Aa kheperu Ra
Aa kheperu Ra
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw-rꜤ
Great are the Manifestations of Ra
ra-O29v-xpr-xpr-xpr
Davies, The rock tombs of Amarna, V, p. 7
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:T3
Birth name
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep
Amenhotep
imn-ḥtp(w)
Amun is Satisfied
i-mn:n-Htp:t*p
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1316
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep, netjer heqa Iunu
Amenhotep, netjer heqa Iunu
imn-htp nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Amenhotep, God and ruler of Heliopolis
i-mn:n:Htp-nTr-HqA-iwn
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 61-65
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep, heqa Iunu
Amenhotep, heqa Iunu
imn-ḥtp(w) hḳꜢ-iwnw
Amenhotep, ruler of Heliopolis
i-mn:n-Htp-HqA-iwn
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1319
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep, netjer heqa Iunu
Amenhotep, netjer heqa Iunu
Amenhotep, God and ruler of Heliopolis
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1276
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep, netjer heqa Waset
Amenhotep, netjer heqa Waset
Amenhotep, God and ruler of Thebes
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1327
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep, heqa Waset
Amenhotep, heqa Waset
Amenhotep, ruler of Thebes
Champollion, Monuments, I, pl. 2(7)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E6
Birth name variant
Birth name of Amenhotep II: Amenhotep, nesu heqa Waset
Amenhotep, nesu heqa Waset
Amenhotep, King and ruler of Thebes
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 1368
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 138-139, 7:E7

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Temple of Amada stele

Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 65a; Helck, Urkunden der 18. Dynastie, IV, 1319

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 8 Αμενωφις Amenophis Amenophis 31 years
Eusebius xviii, 7 Aμενωφις Amenophis Amenophis 31 years
Jerome Ammenophis 31 years
Josephus 96 Aμένωφις Amenophis Amenophis 30 years, 10 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 138–139
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 40–44
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 276–290
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 100–101

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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