Nectanebo I

 Dynasty XXX


Reign of Nectanebo I
AE Chronology380–362
von Beckerath380–362
Shaw380–362
Dodson380–362
Redford380–363
Manetho (Africanus)18 years
Manetho (Eusebius)10 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Nectanebo I: Tjema a
Tjema a
ṯmꜢ-Ꜥ
The sturdy-armed one
T:U2a-Z1:a
ASAE 6: 122
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Nectanebo I: Tjema a
Tjema a
tmꜢ-Ꜥ
The sturdy-armed one
T:U2-a
ZÄS 38: 127
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Nectanebo I: Tjema a
Tjema a
ṯmꜢ-Ꜥ
The sturdy-armed one
T-U4-Z1:a
ZÄS 23: 4
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Nectanebo I: Tjema a
Tjema a
ṯmꜢ-Ꜥ
The sturdy-armed one
d:U2-a
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 285a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:H4
Nebty name
Nebty name of Nectanebo I: Semenekh tawy
Semenekh tawy
smnḫ-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands potent
s-mn:x*mnx-M127-waD
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 286d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Nectanebo I: Semenekh tawy
Semenekh tawy
smnḫ-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands potent
z:mn:n-x*mnx\R90:N17:N17
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 285a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Nectanebo I: Semenekh tawy
Semenekh tawy
smnḫ-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands potent
z:M127*mnx*wAD
Naville, The Shrine of Saft El Henneh, plate 1
Marucchi, Catalogo del museo Egizio Vaticano, p. 37-38
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:N3
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Nectanebo I: Semenekh tawy
Semenekh tawy
smnḫ-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands potent
s-M127-mnx-wAD
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 286b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:N4
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo I: Ir meret netjeru
Ir meret netjeru
iri-mrt-nṯrw
Who has accomplished what the Gods desired
ir:t*Z1:N36-R8A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 286f
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo I: Ir meret netjeru
Ir meret netjeru
iri-mrt-nṯrw
Who has accomplished what the Gods desired
ir:N36-Z3-R8A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 286b
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo I: Ir meret netjeru
Ir meret netjeru
iri-mrt-nṯrw
Who has accomplished what the Gods desired
ir:t:N36-R8A
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 286d
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo I: Ir meret netjeru
Ir meret netjeru
iri-mrt-nṯrw
Who has accomplished what the Gods desired
R8A-ir:N36
ZÄS 38: 127
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo I: Ir meret netjeru
Ir meret netjeru
iri-mrt-nṯrw
Who has accomplished what the Gods desired
ir:(Z1&nTr-Z1&nTr-Z1&nTr)-mr
Naville, The Shrine of Saft El Henneh, plate 1
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Nectanebo I: Kheper ka Ra
Kheper ka Ra
ḫpr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The (very) manifestation of the ka of Ra
ra-xpr-kA
Passim
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:T
Birth name
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
n:x*t:D40-E23:f
ZÄS 38: 127
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
n:M3-x*t:D40-E23:f
ASAE, 6, 122
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
n:M3-x:t-D40:nb-f
ZÄS 23: 5
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
n:M3:x*t-ti-nb:f
Couyat and Montet, MIFAO 34, no. 26
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
n:M3:x*t-E23:f
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 286c
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
n:x*t:D40-nb:f
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 285a
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
D40:nb-G6:f
Marucchi, Catalogo del museo Egizio Vaticano, p. 37
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
D40:x*t-nb:f
Marucchi, Catalogo del museo Egizio Vaticano, p. 49 (25)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E6
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt.nb.f
The strong one of his lord
D40:nb-Z1:f
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 285a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E7
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo I: Nakht nebef
Nakht nebef
nḫt-nb.f
The strong one of his lord
D40-E23:f
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 285a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 226-227, 1:E8

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxx, 1 Νεκτανέβης Nektanebes Nectanebes 18 years
Eusebius xxx, 1 Νεκτανεβης Nektanebes Nektanebes 10 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 226–227
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 183–192
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 171–172

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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