Nectanebo II

 Dynasty XXX


Reign of Nectanebo II
AE Chronology360–343
von Beckerath360–342
Shaw360–343
Dodson360–342
Redford360–343
Manetho (Africanus)18 years
Manetho (Eusebius)8 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Nectanebo II: Mery tawy
Mery tawy
mri-tꜢwi
Beloved of the Two Lands
mr:N17:N17
Quibell, Excavations at Saqqara 1907-1908, III, pl. 52
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 287d
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Nectanebo II: Mery tawy mek Kemet
Mery tawy mek Kemet
mri-tꜢwi mk-kmt
Beloved of the Two Lands and guardian of Egypt
U7:N17:N17-G20-k:km:t*O49
Offering table from Abu Roash (Cairo Museum CG 23115, JE 30581)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:H3
Horus name variant
Horus name of Nectanebo II: Mery tawy mek Kemet
Mery tawy mek Kemet
mri-tꜢwi mk-kmt
Beloved of the Two Lands and guardian of Egypt
-N36:N17:N17-Aa15:a:k-km:O49
Lefebvre, Égypte gréco-romaine, IV, ASAE 13 (1914): 222
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:H4
Nebty name
Nebty name of Nectanebo II: Seheru ib netjeru
Seheru ib netjeru
shrw-ib-nṯrw
The one who has pleased the heart of Gods
s-h:r-ib:1-nTrw
Quibell, Excavations at Saqqara 1907-1908, III, pl. 52
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:N1
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Nectanebo II: Seheru ib netjeru
Seheru ib netjeru
shrw-ib-nṯrw
The one who has pleased the Gods' heart
z:h:r-ib:1-nTrw
Naville, The Mound of the Jew (1890), plate 2a
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:N2
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Nectanebo II: Seher ib netjeru teken khasut
Seher ib netjeru teken khasut
shrw-ib-nṯrw tkn-ḫꜢswt
The one who has pleased the gods' minds by attacking the foreign lands
s-h:r-ib:1-R8-Z3-t:k:n-D54-N25:t:Z2
Offering table from Abu Roash (Cairo Museum CG 23115, JE 30581)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:N3
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo II: Semen hepu
Semen hepu
smn-hpw
The creator of laws
s-mn:n-U32-h:p-w-Y1v-Z3
Quibell, Excavations at Saqqara 1907-1908, III, pl. 52
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo II: Semen hepu
Semen hepu
smn-hpw
The creator of laws
z:mn:n-h:p*W
Davies, The Temple of Hibis, III, plate 68
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Nectanebo II: Semen hepu hui pedjut 9
Semen hepu hui pedjut 9
smn-hpw ḥri-pḏt-9
The establisher of laws, who has struck down the Nine Bows
s-mn:n-h*p:Y1:Z2-H-A24-pD:Z2-Z2:Z2
Offering table from Abu Roash (Cairo Museum CG 23115, JE 30581)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:G2
Throne name
Throne name of Nectanebo II: Senedjem ib Ra, setep en Amun
Senedjem ib Ra, setep en Amun
snḏm-ib-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Pleasing to the Heart is Ra, chosen of Amun
C2-C12-s-H-ib:Z1-stp:n-jmn
Lefebvre, Égypte gréco-romaine, IV, ASAE 13 (1914): 222
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Nectanebo II: Senedjem ib Ra, setep en Hathor
Senedjem ib Ra, setep en Hathor
snḏm-ib-rꜤ stp.n-ḥtḥr
Pleasing to the Heart is Ra, chosen of Hathor
C2A\-C9-s-nDm-ib:Z1-stp:n
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 287b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Nectanebo II: Nakht Hor Hebit
Nakht Hor Hebit
nḫt-ḥr-ḥbyt
The strong one of Horus of Hebit
D40-G5&O49-W4
Daressy, Notes et remarques, RecTrav 16 (1894): 126
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo II: Nakht Hor Hebit, mery Inher
Nakht Hor Hebit, mery Inher
nḫt-ḥr-ḥbyt mri-inḥr
The strong one of Horus of Hebit, beloved of Anhur
G5&1-n:D40-W4A-C95-N36
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), IV, 43a (column 3)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo II: Nakht Hor Hebit mery en Hor, si Hathor
Nakht Hor Hebit mery en Hor, si Hathor
nḫt-ḥr-ḥbyt mri-inḥr zꜢ-ḥtḥr
The strong one of Horus of Hebit, beloved by Horus, son of Hathor
C9\-C95A-H8:N36:D40-G5&W4-t:O49
Lefebvre, Égypte gréco-romaine, IV, ASAE 13 (1914): 222
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo II: Nakht Hor Hebit sa mery Hathor
Nakht Hor Hebit sa mery Hathor
nḫt-ḥr-ḥbyt zꜢ-mri-ḥtḥr
The strong one of Horus of Hebit, beloved son of Hathor
H8-C9-mr-D40-G5&W4-t:O49
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), III, 287b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Nectanebo II: Nakht Hor Hebit, mery Inher, si Bastet
Nakht Hor Hebit, mery Inher, si Bastet
nḫt-ḥr-ḥbyt mri-inḥr zꜢ-bꜢstt
The strong one of Horus of Hebit, beloved of Anhur, son of Bastet
C164\-H8-C95A-N36:D40-G5&W4
Naville, Bubastis (1891), pl. 47H
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 228-229, 3:E7

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxx, 3 Νεκτανεβος Nektanebos Nectanebus 18 years
Eusebius xxx, 3 Νεκτανεβος Nektanebos Nektanebus 8 years

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 228–229
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 171–181
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 172–173

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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