Khasekhemwy in hieroglyphs

The eleventh pharaoh of the Second Dynasty, a.k.a. Khasekhemui

The Horus name Khasekhem is the only one that appears with the falcon, the other two variants both appear with the falcon and the Seth-animal. The New Kingdom king lists have different names, which probably disagree because the scribes misinterpreted the similar signs in the unknown sources.

Precedessor
Hudjefa I

Successor
Nebka

Reign of Khasekhemwy
AE Chronology2610–2593
v. Beckerath2709–2682
Malek2674–2647
Redford2714–2687
Turin King List27y 2m 1d
Manetho30 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Kha sekhemwy  The Dual King Bebety*

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Kha sekhem
ḫꜤ-sḫm
The powerful one has appeared
xa-sxm
Quibell, Hierakonpolis, I, plate XXXVIII
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:H1
Horus name variant
Kha sekhemwy
ḫꜤ-sḫm-wi
The powerful ones have appeared
xa-sxm-sxm
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate XXIV
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:H3
Horus name variant
Kha sekhemwy hetep netjerwy imef
ḫꜤ-sḫm-wi-ḥtp-nṯwi-imf
The two powerful ones have appeared, the two lords being satisfied with him
xa:sxm*sxm-G141-G141-Htp:Z11:f
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate XXIII
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:H2

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Kha sekhemwy hetep netjerwy imef
ḫꜤ-sḫm-wi-ḥtp-nṯwi-imf
The two powerful ones have appeared, the two lords being satisfied with him
xa:sxm*sxm-G141\-G141-Htp*Z11A:f
Petrie, Royal Tombs, II, plate XXIII (201)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:N1
Nebty name variant
Kha sekhemwy nebu khetsen
ḫꜤ-sḫm-wi-nbw-ḫt-sn
The two powerful ones have appeared, the golden one of their bodies
xa:sxm*sxm-X:s-(n)
Petrie, Tombs of the Courtiers and Oxyrhinkhos, plate VIII (18) (UC11754)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:N2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Djadjay*
ḏꜢ-ḏꜢ-y
DA-DA-D1-i-i
Abydos Canon no. 14

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:1
Throne name variant
Bebety*
bbty
b-b-N21-i-i
Saqqara Canon no. 48

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:2
Throne name variant
Bebety*
bbty
b-b-t:y-//
Turin King List 4.3
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 44-45, 9:3
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) III:3

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus ii, 9 Χενερης Cheneres 30 years
Eusebius ii, 9 Χενερης Cheneres 30 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 34–36, 47–48
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 44–45
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 29
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 177–179
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