The Byzantine scholar George Syncellus (c. 800) assigned the Seventh Dynasty to 70 kings in 70 days (Africanus) or 5 kings in 75 days (Eusebius). This was based on the lost writings of Africanus (c. 220) and Eusebius (c. 325), themselves based on an epitome of the lost work of the Egyptian priest Manetho (3rd century BC). This is seen as a metaphor for disorder.
Its inclusion as a dynasty by Africanus and Eusebius is likely due to a misunderstanding by the epitomist of a short narrative or summation describing the collapse of the Old Kingdom.
Due to a complete lack of any kind of attestations, the Seventh Dynasty is normally combined with the Eight Dynasty.
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