Alexander IV in hieroglyphs

The third pharaoh of the Argead Dynasty, a.k.a. Alexander IV of Macedon

Precedessor
Philip III Arrhidaeus

Successor
Ptolemy I

Reign of Alexander IV
v. Beckerath316–310
Shaw317–310
Dodson317–310
Redford316–305

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Hunu user pehty  The Dual King Haa ib Ra, setep en Amun  Son of Ra Aleksendres

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Hunu user pehty
ḥwnw wsr-pḥti
The youthful one, powerful of strength
H-wn:n-A17-wsr-F9:F9
Edgar, Notes from the Delta, ASAE 11 (1911): 92
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:H1
Horus name variant
Hunu user pehty
ḥwnw wsr-pḥti
The youthful one, powerful of strength
H-wn:n-A17-wsr-s-D40:F9*F9
Mariette, Monuments Divers, II, plate 14
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:H2

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Mery netjeru redji enef iaut en itef
mri-nṯrw rḏ-n.f-iꜢwt-n-it.f
Beloved of the gods, to whom the office of his father was given
nTrw:N36-r:a:n:f-O44-t:Z1-n:t:f:f
Mariette, Monuments Divers, II, plate 14
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Heqa nakht em ta er djeref
ḥḳꜢ-nḫt-m-tꜢ-r-ḏr.f
Victorious ruler in the entire land
HqA-q:D40:Aa15-tA:M36:f
Mariette, Monuments Divers, II, plate 14
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Haa ib Ra, setep en Amun
ḥꜤꜤ-ib-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Who (continually) rejoices over the mind of Ra, chosen by Amun
C12A\-C2A-H-a:a-stp:n-ib:1
Mariette, Monuments Divers, II, plate 14
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:T2
Throne name variant
Haa ib Ra, setep en Amun
ḥꜤꜤ-ib-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Who (continually) rejoices over the mind of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-A28-ib-i-mn:n-stp:n
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 1a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:T1
Throne name variant
Haa ib Ra, setep en Amun
ḥꜤꜤ-ib-rꜤ stp.n-imn
Who (continually) rejoices over the mind of Ra, chosen by Amun
C2A\-C12A-A137-ib:1-stp:n
Edgar, Notes from the Delta, ASAE 11 (1911): 92
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:T3

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Aleksendres
Ꜥlksindrs
Alexandros
A-l:k:z-i-n:d:r:z
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 1a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:E1
Birth name variant
Alekse(n)dres
Ꜥlksi(n)drs
Alexandros
i-l:k:z-i-d:r:z
Mariette, Monuments Divers, II, plate 14
Birth name variant
Arksindres
Ꜥrksintrs
Alexandros
A-r:k:z-i-n:t:r:z
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 1b
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 232-233, 3:E2

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 207–211
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 232–233
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 176
PLEASE NOTE
There might be errors on this page.
Make sure you use the correct source!
Yes, you would be surprised...