Khendjer in hieroglyphs

A pharaoh(?) of the Thirteenth Dynasty,

Khendjer is the earliest known Semitic king of a native Egyptian dynasty and his name has been interpreted as the foreign name Hnzr and equated with the Semitic personal name for "boar". His name is present in the Turin Canon, and only a few other finds contain his name. He had a small pyramid built at Saqqara.

Precedessor
Wegaf

Successor
Imyremeshaw

Reign of Khendjer
AE Chronology1732–1728
Ryholt1764–1759
Franke1718–1723
Redford1756–1751
Highest attestationYear 5

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User ka Ra
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The strong one of the ka of Ra
ra-wsr-s-kA
Jéquier, Deux pyramides du moyen empire, plate 6
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 94-95, 17:T1
Throne name variant
User ka Ra
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ
The strong one of the ka of Ra
wsr-s-kA-ra
A catalogue of the scarabs belonging to George Fraser, no. 65
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 94-95, 17:T2

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Khendjer
ḫnḏr
The wild boar
x:n-M37:r
Jéquier, Deux pyramides du moyen empire, plate 6
Pyramidion of Khendjer (Cairo Museum JE 53045)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 94-95, 17:E

Throne + Birth name

Combination of Throne- and Birth-name cartouches
probably only used for a special occasion.

Throne + Birth name
User [ka] Ra Khendjer
wsr-..-rꜤ ḫnḏr
ra-wsr-//-ra:n-Dr

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 138–139
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 94–95
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 66
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 180–182
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