Khyan in hieroglyphs

The third pharaoh of the Fifteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Khian, Khayan

Africanus' Staan was likely an error copying the name Siaan. Josephus' names Iannas in the corresponding place, which would seem to be a mistake for Khyan's eldest son Yanassi.

Precedessor
Apachnas

Successor
Apepi

Reign of Khyan
Ryholt1621–1581

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ineq taw  The Dual King Seuser en Ra  Son of Ra Khyan  Son of Ra Heqa khasut, Khyan

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ineq taw
inḳ-tꜢw
The one who has embraced the lands
i-n:q-D32-N21:3
Lower part of usurped statue, (Cairo Museum, CG 389, JE 28574)
D32 sign is clearly visible, but not shown because it is a remnant of the usurpation.
Naville, Bubastis, 23, pls. 21; 35A
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 114-115, 4:H

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Seuser en Ra
s-wsr.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made strong
ra-s*F78:n
Lower part of usurped statue, (Cairo Museum, CG 389, JE 28574)
Naville, Bubastis, 23, pls. 21; 35A
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 114-115, 4:T

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Khyan
ḫyꜢn
x-i-i-A:n
Lower part of usurped statue, (Cairo Museum, CG 389, JE 28574)
Naville, Bubastis, 23, pls. 21; 35A
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 114-115, 4:E1
Birth name variant
Heqa khasut, Khyan
hḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt ḫyꜢn
The Ruler of Foreign Lands, Khyan
HqA-q-N25:Z2-x-i-i-A:n
Scarab seal, (Cairo Museum, CG 36027, JE 30458)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 114-115, 4:E2

Throne + Birth name

Combination of Throne- and Birth-name cartouches
probably only used for a special occasion.

Throne + Birth name
Netjer nefer seuser en Ra, za-Ra Khyan
nṯr-nfr swsr.n-rꜤ ḫyꜢn
The Good God, the one whom Ra has made strong, Khyan
nTr-nfr-ra-s-F78-n-zA&&&ra-x-i-i-A-n
Alabaster lid in Archaelogical Museum of Heraklion, Crete, No. Λ 263
Egypt Exploration Fund Archaeological report, 1900-1901, 37

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xv, 4 Στααν Staan 50 years
Josephus 81 Iαννας Jannas 50 years, 1 month

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 135–137
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 114–115
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 82
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 194–196
PLEASE NOTE
There might be errors on this page.
Make sure you use the correct source!
Yes, you would be surprised...