Mentuhotep I in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Eleventh Dynasty, a.k.a. Mentuhotep-aa

Mentuhotep I is likely present on the Karnak king list, with both his Horus and Birth names, though both are damaged. He was most likely considered the founder of the eleventh dynasty and given the pharaonic title posthumously. His throne name is unknown, and he likely didn't have one as there are no archeological evidence he actually ruled as king.

Precedessor
Iytenu

Successor
Intef I

Reign of Mentuhotep I
AE Chronologyc. 1980–?
v. Beckerath2119–2103

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Tepia
tp-iꜤ
The ancestor
tp*p:a*1
Prisse, Monuments Égyptiens, plate I, 13 (Karnak King-list 12)
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums IV, 608 (II.4)

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Men..
mn..
mn:n:h/-//
The Horus name (above) is visible before the cartouche.
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums IV, 608 (II.4)
Birth name variant
It netjeru Mentuhotep aa mery Satet nebet Abu
it-nṯrw mnṯw-ḥtp(w) ꜤꜢ-mry-sṯt-nbt-Ꜣbw
The God's father Mentuhotep the great, beloved of Satet, lady of Elephantine
M17-X1*Z1:I9-R8A-Y5:N35:V13-G43-R4:X1*Q3-O29v-S29-F29-X1:X1-V30:X1-U23B-D58-N25:O49-U6-M17-M17
ASAE , 55, 178
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 76-77, 1:E1

Bibliography

  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 76–77
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 53
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 222–223
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