Neferhotep III in hieroglyphs

The fourth pharaoh of the Sixteenth Dynasty,

Precedessor
Sobekhotep VIII

Successor
Mentuhotepi

Reign of Neferhotep III
Ryholt1629–1628
Turin King List1 year

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Wadj khau  The Dual King Sekhem Ra sankh tawy  Son of Ra Nefer hotep

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Wadj khau
wꜢḏ-ḫꜤw
Flourishing of appearances
wAD-xa:a:Z2
Stela of Neferhotep III (Cairo Museum, CG 20799, JE 59635)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:H2
Horus name variant
Wadj khau
wꜢḏ-ḫꜤw
Flourishing of appearances
wAD-xa:Y1:Z2
ASAE , 38, 625
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:H1

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Aa pehty
ꜤꜢ-pḥti
Great of might
aA:a:Y1-F3:t*y-A24
Stela of Neferhotep III (Cairo Museum, CG 20799, JE 59635)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Men..
mn-..
Established of ...
mn:Y1-//
Stela of Neferhotep III (Cairo Museum, CG 20799, JE 59635)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sekhem Ra sankh tawy
sḫm-rꜤ-sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The powerful one of Ra, who has sustained the Two Lands
ra-sxm-s-anx-N17:N17
Stela of Neferhotep III (Cairo Museum, CG 20799, JE 59635)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:T
Throne name variant
Sekhem Ra s...
sḫm-rꜤ s...
ra-sxm-1-G7-s-//
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , II, 842:11
Turin King List 11.3
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) XI, 3

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Nefer hotep
nfr-ḥtp
The beautiful/perfect one is satisfied
nfr-Htp:t*p
Stela of Neferhotep III (Cairo Museum, CG 20799, JE 59635)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:E1
Birth name variant
Iy kher nefret
y-ẖr-nfrt
The one who has come bearing happiness
M18-D54-T28:r-nfr-t:Z2
Stela of Neferhotep III (Cairo Museum, CG 20799, JE 59635)
May simply be an epithet to Neferhotep
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 102-103, c:E2

Bibliography

  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 102–103
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 84
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 256–257
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