Ptolemy II in hieroglyphs

The second pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a.k.a. Ptolemaios Philadelphos

Precedessor
Ptolemy I

Successor
Ptolemy III

Reign of Ptolemy II
285–246

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King

Horus Hunu qeni  The Dual King User ka Ra, mery Amun

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Hunu qeni
ḥwnw-ḳni
The brave youth
H-wn:n-nw:W-A17-q*W*nw:D40
Qus monolith
Champollion, Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie, notices descriptives, II, 293-4
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7g; Text IV 257-8
Horus name variant A
Hunu qeni
ḥwnw-ẖni
The brave youth
H-wn:W*nw-A17-q*nw:D40
Temple of Isis, Philae (room K 51)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7c; Text IV, 160
Horus name variant B
Hunu qeni
ḥwnw-ẖni
The brave youth
H-wn:n-A17-q:nw-Z9^^^D40
Naville, The store-city of Pithom, plate 9:1
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums , II, 84:6
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:H
Horus name variant C
Hunu qeni
ḥwnw-ẖni
The brave youth
H-wn:n-nw:W-A17-q:nw-Z9^^^D40
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie (1872), II, pl. 45
Horus name variant D
Hunu qeni
ḥwnw-ẖni
The brave youth
H-wn:n-nw:W-A17-q*1:n:Z9^^^D40
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegyptiacarum (1884), IV, 630

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Wer pehty
wr-pḥti
Great of strength
wr:r-F9:F9
Temple of Isis, Philae (room K 51)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7c; Text IV, 160
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:N
Nebty name variant
Wer pehty
wr-pḥti
Great of strength
wr:r-F9*F9:D40
Qus monolith
Champollion, Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie, notices descriptives, II, 293-4
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7g; Text IV 257-8

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Sekha en su itef
šḫꜤi-n-sw it.f
Whose father enthroned him
s-xa:a-n:z:t:f
Qus monolith
Champollion, Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie, notices descriptives, II, 293-4
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7g; Text IV 257-8
Golden Horus name variant A
Sekhaen su itef
sḫꜤi-sw it.f
Whose father enthroned him
z:xa:z-t:f:f
Temple of Isis, Philae (room K 51)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7c; Text IV, 160
Golden Horus name variant B
Sekhaen su itef
sḫꜤi-sw it.f
Whose father enthroned him
s-xa:a:n:z-i-t:f:Z1:f
Brugsch, Thesaurus Inscriptionum Aegyptiacarum (1884), IV, 630
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:G
Golden Horus name variant C
Sekhaen su itef
sḫꜤi-sw it.f
Whose father enthroned him
z:xa:a:n-i-z:t:f:Z1:f
Naville, The store-city of Pithom, plate 9:1

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
User ka Ra, mery Amun
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
The strong one of the ka of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-wsr-kA:Z1-i-mn:n:N36
Qus monolith
Champollion, Monuments de l'Égypte et de la Nubie, notices descriptives, II, 293-4
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7g; Text IV 257-8
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:T3
Throne name variant
User ka Ra, mery Amun
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
The strong one of the ka of Ra, beloved of Amun
C2A\-C12A-N36-wsr-kA:1
Temple of Isis, Philae (room K 51)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7c; Text IV, 160
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:T2
Throne name variant
User ka Ra, mery Amun
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
The strong one of the ka of Ra, beloved of Amun
kA-wsr-C12A\-C2A-mr
Temple of Isis, Philae (room K 43)
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 7b; Text IV, 159

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
User ka Ra, mery Amun
wsr-kꜢ-rꜤ mri-imn
The strong one of the ka of Ra, beloved of Amun
i-mn:n:N36-wsr-ra:kA
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:T4
Birth name variant
Ptolemys
ptwlmis
Ptolemaios
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s
Passim
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 8
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 234-235, 2:E

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 222–245
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 234–235
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 178–179
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