Ptolemy VI in hieroglyphs

The sixth pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, a.k.a. Ptolemaios Philometor

Precedessor
Ptolemy V

Successor
Ptolemy VII

Reign of Ptolemy VI
v. Beckerath180–145
Shaw180–145
Dodson180–146
Redford180–145

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Tjeni em khet, heter hapu ankh her meskhen(et)sen
ṯni-m-ẖt ḥtr-ḥpw-Ꜥnḫ-ḥr-msḫnt.sn
Distinguished in the sanctuary, the twin brother of the living Apis bull upon their birth stone
C18C-M:X:F51B*t-A80-H-Aa5:p-E95-anx-D2:Z1-ms-s-x*nw:O39*O39:z:n
Philae, Temple K Stela
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 27b1
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Em Maat sekha en su itef
m-mꜢꜤt sḫꜤi-n-sw-it.f
Truly, whose father enthroned him
Aa15:Aa11:t*H8-s-xa:a:n-sw-w-t:f:Z1:f
Philae, Temple K Stela
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 27b1
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:N

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Wer pehty neb habu-sed mi Ptah Tatenen it netjeru ity mi Ra
wr-pḥti nb-ḥbw-sd-mi-ptḥ tꜢ-ṯnn-it-nṯrw ity-mi-rꜤ
The one great of strength, a possessor of Sed festivals like Ptah Tatenen, the father of the gods, and a sovereign like Ra
wr:r-F9:F9-nb:O23-Z3-p:t-H-C18C-mi-i-R7G:f:t*Z1-nTr&Z1-nTr&Z1-nTr&Z1-i-i-A311B-x*Z1:mi
Philae, Temple K Stela
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 27b1
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:G

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Iwa en netjerwy peru setep en Ptah Kheperi ir Maat (en) Amun-Ra
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-prwi stp.n-ptḥ-ḫpri iri-mꜢꜤt-imn-rꜤ
Heir of the two gods who has emerged, chosen by Ptah-Khepri, who carried out Maat for Amun-Ra
nTr\-N8-nTr-F44-p:t-H-xpr:r-C102-stp:n-C2A\-C12A-ir:Aa11:t*H8
Philae, Temple K Stela
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 27b2
Throne name variant A
Iwa en netjerwy peru setep en Ptah Kheperi ir Maat (en) Amun-Ra
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-prwi stp.n-ptḥ-ḫpri iri-mꜢꜤt-imn-rꜤ
Heir of the two gods who has emerged, chosen by Ptah-Khepri, who carried out Maat for Amun-Ra
nTr-pr:r:D54-nTr-F44:n-p:t-H-xpr:r-stp:n-C2\-C12-ir:Aa11
Temple of Kom Ombo
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 23d
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:T1
Throne name variant B
Iwa en netjerwy peru setep en Ptah Kheperi ir Maat (en) Amun-Ra
iwꜤ-n-nṯrwi-prwi stp.n-ptḥ-ḫpri iri-mꜢꜤt-imn-rꜤ
Heir of the two gods who has emerged, chosen by Ptah-Khepri, who carried out Maat for Amun-Ra
nTr\-N8-nTr-F44:n-p:t-H-xpr:r-stp:n-C2\-C12-D4-Sw-t:H8
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, Text IV, 170α
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:T2
Throne name variant C
Iwa en netjerwy peru setep en Ptah ir Maat (en) Amun-Ra
iwꜤ-(n)-nṯrwi-prwi stp-n-ptḥ iri-mꜢꜤt-n-imn-rꜤ-r-nḥh
Heir of the two gods who has emerged, chosen by Ptah, who carried out Maat for Amun-Ra
nTr\-N8-nTr-F44-p:t-H-n:stp:ir-Aa11:n-C2\-C12-r:H*H
Philae, Temple P Architrave
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 27a
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:T3

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ptolemys, ankh djet mery Ptah
ptwlmis Ꜥnḫ-ḏtmri-ptḥ
Ptolemaios, living forever, beloved of Ptah
p:t-wA-l:M-i-i-s-anx-D&t:N17-p:t-H-mr
Philae, Temple K Stela
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, IV, 27b2
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 238-239, 6:E

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 288–307
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 238–239
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 182
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