Ramesses VI in hieroglyphs

The fifth pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty,

The fifth pharaoh of the Twentieth Dynasty, Ramesses VI, was not the son of his predecessor but rather a son of Ramesses III. He usurped the tomb of Ramesses V (KV9) which during construction inadvertently buried the entrance to the tomb of Tutankhamun, keeping it safe from plunderers for 3000 years.

Precedessor
Ramesses V

Successor
Ramesses VII

Reign of Ramesses VI
AE Chronology1145–1139
v. Beckerath1142–1134
Shaw1143–1136
Dodson1141–1133
Arnold1151–1143
Malek1143–1136
Grimal1144–1136
Redford1156–1149
Highest attestationYear 8

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht aa nakhtu  The Dual King Neb Maat Ra, mery Amun  Son of Ra Ramessu Amun her khepeshef netjer heqa Iunu

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht aa nakhtu sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-nḫtw sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The strong bull, whose victories are great, he who gives life to the Two Lands
E1:D40-aA:a:Y1-n:xt:x*t-D40:Z2-s-anx-M127-wAD
The Epigraphic Survey, Medinet Habu, II, plate 102, usurped
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:H1
Horus name variant
Ka nakht aa nakhtu sankh tawy
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-nḫtw sꜤnḫ-tꜢwi
The strong bull, whose victories are great, he who gives life to the Two Lands
E1:D40-aA:a-D40:t*3-s-anx-n:x:N17:N17
CG 42152
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:H2
Horus name variant
Ka nakht aa nakhtu
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-nḫt(w)
The strong bull, whose victories are great
E1:D40-aA:n:xt-x*t:D40
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, Text III, 201
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:H3
Horus name variant
Ka nakht aa nakhtu
kꜢ-nḫt ꜤꜢ-nḫt(w)
The strong bull, whose victories are great
aA:a:Y1-n:xt:x*t-A24:t*W
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , VI, 372
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:H4

Nebty names

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
User khepesh hed hefenu
wsr-ḥpš hd-ḥfnw
He whose blow is powerful, he whose attacks are countless
wsr-s-W-A24-x:p-N37:xpS-h-G4-F46:a-A24-H-f:n:nw*W-I8:Z2
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:N1
Nebty name variant
User khepesh hed hefenu
wsr-ḥpš hd-ḥfnw
He whose blow is powerful, he whose attacks are countless
wsr-s-T16A-h:d:Y1-D40:I8:Z2
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 224d
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:N2

Golden Horus names

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
User renput mi Tatenen
wsr-rnpwt-mi-tꜢ-ṯnn
Rich in years like Tatenen
wsr-s-rnp-rnp-rnp-mi-N17:T-sw*sw:n:n
Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions , VI, 372
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:G1
Golden Horus name variant
User renput mi Tatenen
wsr-rnpwt-mi-tꜢ-ṯnn
Rich in years like Tatenen
wsr-s-r:D40-G7-rnp-rnp-rnp-Z3-mi-i-tA:Z1*N23-M22-M22-n:n-A40-Z1-G7
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:G2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Neb Maat Ra, mery Amun
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ mri-imn
Lord of the Maat like Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-C10A\-C12-N36:nb
Tomb KV9, Passim
Petrie, Koptos, plate XIX, bottom
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:T2
Throne name variant
Neb Maat Ra, mery Amun
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ mri-imn
Lord of the Maat like Ra, beloved of Amun
ra:nb-mAat-i-mn:n:N36
Left wall just inside Tomb KV9
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 224d
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:T1
Throne name variant
Neb Maat Ra, mery Amun
nb-mꜢꜤt-rꜤ mri-imn
Lord of the Maat like Ra, beloved of Amun
ra:nb-Sw-C12-mr
Naville, Bubastis, plate XXXVIII (H)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:T3

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Ramessu Amun her khepeshef netjer heqa Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-ḥr-ḫpš.f nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Ramesses, Amun is his force, god and ruler of Heliopolis
ra-C12B-ms:z:z-nTr-HqA-iwn
Tomb KV9, passim
Found throughout the tomb.
Birth name variant
Ramessu Amun her khepeshef netjer heqa Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-ḥr-ḫpš.f nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Ramesses, Amun is his force, god and ruler of Heliopolis
C12B-ra:ms-z:z-nTr-HqA-iwn
Naville, Bubastis, plate XXXVIII (H)
Birth name variant
Ramessu, Amun her khepeshef, netjer heqa Iunu
rꜤ-msi-sw imn-ḥr-ḫpš.f nṯr-ḥḳꜢ-iwnw
Ramesses, Amun is his force, god and ruler of Heliopolis
ms:z:z-C2\-C12F-nTr-HqA-iwn
Left wall just inside Tomb KV9
Lepsius, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien, III, 224d
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 170-171, 5:E5

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 194–202
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 170–171
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 131
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 323–326
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