Senakhtenra in hieroglyphs

The seventh pharaoh of the Seventeenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Senakhtenre Tao in older texts

For a long time there were no contemporary attestations of this pharaoh, so it was proposed that his birth name was Tao, like his son, as two pharaohs with that name are mentioned in the Abbott papyrus. This was disproved in 2012 when his Horus and birth names were discovered at Karnak.

Precedessor
Intef VII

Successor
Seqenenra

Reign of Senakhtenra
Ryholt1559–1558

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Mery Maat  The Dual King Senakht en Ra  Son of Ra Iah mesu

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Mery Maat
mri-mꜢꜤt
The one who is beloved of Maat
mr-i-i-mAat-t:Z1
Biston-Moulin, Le roi Senakht-en-Re Ahmes de la XVIIe dynastie, ENIM 5 (2012): Fig. 2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Senakht en Ra
snḫt.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made victorious
ra-z:xt:x*t-D40:n
Karnak Canon no. 26

Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 128-129, 13:T2
Throne name variant
Senakht en Ra
snḫt.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made victorious
ra-z:n:xt-x:t-D40:n
Biston-Moulin, Le roi Senakht-en-Re Ahmes de la XVIIe dynastie, ENIM 5 (2012): Fig. 2
Marseille offering table, No. 3
Throne name variant
Senakht en Ra
snḫt.n-rꜤ
The one whom Ra has made victorious
ra-s-n:M3:x*t:n-A30
Biston-Moulin, Le roi Senakht-en-Re Ahmes de la XVIIe dynastie, ENIM 5 (2012): Fig. 1 (2)

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Iah mesu
iꜤḥ-msi
Ahmose (Iah is born)
N12-ms-s
Biston-Moulin, Le roi Senakht-en-Re Ahmes de la XVIIe dynastie, ENIM 5 (2012): Fig. 2

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 168–169
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 128–129
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 91
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 380–381
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