Siamun in hieroglyphs

The sixth pharaoh of the Twenty-first Dynasty,

Precedessor
Osochor

Successor
Psusennes II

Reign of Siamun
AE Chronology986–968
v. Beckerath979–960
Shaw978–959
Dodson968–948
Redford984–965
Manetho9 years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Ka nakht mery Maat  The Dual King Netjeri kheper Ra, setep en Amun  Son of Ra Siamun

Horus names

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Ka nakht mery Maat, sa mery en Amun, per em hau.ef
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt sꜢ mri n imn pr m ḫꜤw.f
The strong bull, beloved of Maat, the beloved son of Amun, who issued from his limbs
E1:D40-C10A-mr-H8:Z1-//-S3-i-mn:n-pr:r:D54-m-H-a:F51B*F51B*F51B:f
Petrie, Tanis, II, plate VIII (146)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 180-181, 6:H1
Horus name variant
Ka nakht mery Maat
kꜢ-nḫt mri-mꜢꜤt
The strong bull, beloved of Maat
E1:D40-C10A-mr
Petrie, The palace of Apries (Memphis II), plate 24
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 180-181, 6:H2

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Netjeri kheper Ra, setep en Amun
nṯri-ḫpr-rꜤ stp.n-imn
The divine one is a manifestation of Ra, chosen by Amun
ra-nTr-xpr-i-mn:n-U19:n
Petrie, The palace of Apries (Memphis II), plate 24
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 180-181, 6:T1
Throne name variant
Netjeri kheper Ra, mery Amun
nṯri-ḫpr-rꜤ mri-imn
The divine one is a manifestation of Ra, beloved of Amun
ra-nTr-xpr-i-mn:n:U7
Munier, Un achat de terrains au temps du roi Si-amon, RecChamp (1923): 361–6
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 180-181, 6:T2

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Siamun
zꜢ-imn
Son of Amun
i-mn:n-zA&Z1
Kruchten, Les annales des pretres de Karnak, OLA 32 (1989): pl. 2 (3b)
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 180-181, 6:E2
Birth name variant
Siamun mery Amun
zꜢ-imn mri-imn
Son of Amun, beloved of Amun
C12A\-C12A-N36:H8*Z1
Petrie, The palace of Apries (Memphis II), plate 24
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 180-181, 6:E1

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxi, 6 Ψιναχης Psinaches 9 years
Eusebius xxi, 6 Ψιναχης Psinaches 9 years
Jerome Pinaches 9 years

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 19 (1913): 294–298
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 180–181
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 141
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