Sonbef in hieroglyphs

The second pharaoh of the Thirteenth Dynasty, a.k.a. Sekhemkare Amenemhat Sonbef

Precedessor
Sobekhotep I

Successor
Nerikara

Reign of Sonbef
Ryholt1800–1796
Franke1757–1752
Redford1782–1780
Turin King Listx years

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Dual King
The Son of Ra

Horus Meh ib tawy  The Dual King Sekhem ka Ra  Son of Ra Amenemhat Sonbef

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Meh ib tawy
mḥ-ib-tꜢwi
The one who fills the heart of the Two Lands
V22:ib-N17:N17
Petrie, Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate XVIII, 9
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, 21, 282-283
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 88-89, 2:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Iti sekhemef
iṯi-sḫm.f
The one who has seized his power
V15-Y8-f
Petrie, Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate XVIII, 9
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, 21, 282-283
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 88-89, 2:N

Throne names

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Sekhem ka Ra
sḫm-kꜢ-rꜤ
The powerful one of the ka of Ra
ra-s-Y8-kA
Petrie, Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate XVIII, 9
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 88-89, 2:T1
Throne name variant
Sekhem ka Ra
sḫm-kꜢ-rꜤ
The powerful one of the ka of Ra
ra-Y8-kA-Z1
Turin King List 7.6
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 88-89, 2:T3
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) VI:6

Birth name

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Amenemhat Sonbef
imn-m-ḥꜢt snb.f
Amenemhat's son, Sonbef
i-mn:n-m-HAt:t-s-n:b-f
Petrie, Scarabs and cylinders with names, plate XVIII, 9
Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archaeology, 21, 282-283
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 88-89, 2:E

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 11
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 88–89
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 61
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 457–458
PLEASE NOTE
There might be errors on this page.
Make sure you use the correct source!
Yes, you would be surprised...