Teti in hieroglyphs

The first pharaoh of the Sixth Dynasty,

Titi's name can be found on the Abydos (34) and Saqqara (26) king lists, and is also present on Manetho's king list asOthoes. The place of his name in Turin papyrus (5.1) is damaged and the name is unreadable, only preserving the number of months and days of his reign. His name might also be found on the Karnak king list (14) but that too is badly damaged and the reading is uncertain.

Precedessor
Unas

Successor
Userkara

Reign of Teti
AE Chronology2305–2279
v. Beckerath2322–2312
Shaw2345–2323
Dodson2282–2270
Allen2323–2291
Malek2311–2281
Franke2318–2300
Redford2374–2354
Turin King List?y 6m 21d

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

The Son of Ra

Horus Sehotep tawy  Son of Ra Teti

Horus name

Horus name

The oldest form of the name of a pharaoh, a falcon representing Horus is perched on the palace facade.

Horus name
Sehotep tawy
s-ḥtp-tꜢwi
The one who pacifies the Two Lands
s-Htp:t*p-N16:N16
Sistrum of Teti, New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession No. 26.7.1450
Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 6, Plate VIII, 69
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 62-63, 1:H

Nebty name

Two ladies hieroglyphs

The “Two Ladies”, the goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Nebty name
Sehotep nebty
s-ḥtp
The one who has satisfied the Two Ladies
s-Htp:t*p
Sistrum of Teti, New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession No. 26.7.1450
Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 6, Plate VIII, 69
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 62-63, 1:N1

Golden Horus name

Golden Horus name

Horus perched on Gold, which was associated with eternity, but its meaning is disputed.

Golden Horus name
Bik nebu sema
bik-nbw-smꜢ
The uniter
F36*G5:nbw
Sistrum of Teti, New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, Accession No. 26.7.1450
Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 6, Plate VIII, 69
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 62-63, 1:G1

Throne name

Prenomen or throne name

Announced at the coronation and always written in a cartouche. The “official” name of the pharaoh. Also known as the Prenomen.

Throne name
Name missing
Turin King List 5.1
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959) IV:1

Birth names

Nomen or birth name

Personal name given at birth. Also known as the Nomen .

Birth name
Teti
tti
t:t-i
Beckerath, “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, 2nd ed. MÄS 49 (1999). 62-63, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Teti
tty
t:t-i-i
Uncertain reading as the cartouche is damaged
Prisse d'Avennes, Monuments Égyptiens, plate I
Birth name variant
Teti mer en Ptah
tty-mr.n-ptḥ
Teti, beloved of Ptah
t:t-i-p:t-H-mr-r:n
Dynasty XIX stela from pyramid of Teti, CG 34188 (JE 36852)
ASAE , XIII, 255
Birth name variant
sa Ra Teti
zꜢ-rꜤ tti
Son of Ra, Teti
zA&ra-t:t-i
Dynasty XIX stela from pyramid of Teti, CG 34188 (JE 36852)
ASAE , XIII, 255

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTranscriptionReign
Africanus vi, 1 Οθοης Othoes
Eusebius v, 1 Οθoης Othoes
Eratosthenes 18 Μοσθης Mosthes 33

Bibliography

  • Gauthier, H. Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 146–150
  • Beckerath, J. “Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen”, Second edition, MÄS 49 (1999) : 62–63
  • Leprohon, R. J. The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013): 42
  • Baker. D. D. The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I (London, 2008): 461–63
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