The Seventh Dynasty of Ancient Egypt

Due to a complete lack of attestations and the instability of the First Intermediate Period, the Seventh Dynasty is normally combined with the Eight Dynasty.

According to Africanus:
Ἑβδόμη δυναστεία Μεμφιτῶν βασιλέων ό, οἳ ἐβασίλευσαν ἡμέρας οʹ.
"70 kings of the Seventh Dynasty of Memphis ruled for 70 days"

According to Eusebius:
Ἑβδόμη δυναστεία Μεμφιτῶν βασιλέων πέντε, οἳ ἐβασίλευσαν ἡμέρας οεʹ.
"Five kings of the Seventh Dynasty of Memphis ruled for 75 days"

The Seventh Dynasty
End of page
Ancient historians
Terms & information

OK – Old Kingdom
Dynasties 3-6

MK – Middle Kingdom
Dynasties 11-12

NK – New Kingdom
Dynasties 18-20

SIP – Second Intermediate Period
Dynasties 13-17

Thebes – The Southern capital

Memphis – The Northern capital

Epitome – Manetho’s original Aegyptiaca was lost in antiquity, and in the following centuries, it was replaced by Epitomes (summaries) by rivalling advocates of Jewish, Egyptian, and Greek history that saw each side trying to establish the truth according to their point of view.

Vorlage – From the German for prototype or template, a vorlage is a prior version of a manuscript, in this case an earlier version of the canon.

Recto and verso – Recto is the front side and verso is the back side of a written or printed text.

Cartouche – oval band enclosing a pharaohs name

Hieratic – cursive form of hieroglyphic script

Hyksos – Greek form of ḥḳꜢ-ḫꜢswt or “rulers of foreign lands,” referring to peoples who migrated and controlled parts Egypt during the SIP.

Mortuary Temple – where the gods and the king who built the temple were worshipped.

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