Herodotus of Halicarnassus

Herodotus was born about 490 BCE at Halicarnassos and died in Italy in the late 420's. He traveled to Asia and northern Africa. The second volume of his Histories describes Egypt's geography, people and relates stories about a number of pharaohs. While many of his stories might only be tales, it still contain many names of the pharaohs.

As a chronology it is almost worthless. For instance, he placed the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom after the New Kingdom. Some of the named pharaohs are clearly compounded from more than one pharaoh. The end result is, in most cases, unreliable and hold very little historic credibility.

After Mina came three hundred and thirty kings, whose names the priests recited from a papyrus roll. In all these many generations there were eighteen Ethiopian kings, and one queen, native to the country; the rest were all Egyptian men.Herodotus, book II, chapter 100.1

ChapterAncient GreekTransliterationPharaoh
2.99.2 Μινα Mina Narmer
2.100.2 Νιτωκρις Nitokris Netjerikara
2.101.1 Μοιριος Moerius Amenemhat III
2.102.1 Σεσωστρις Sesostris Senusret III
2.111.1 Φερων Pheron ?
2.112.1 Πρωτεα Proteus ?
2.121.1 Pαμψινιτον Rhampsinitos Ramesses III
2.124 Χεοπα Kheops Khufu
2.127 Χεφρηνα Khephren Khafra
2.129 Μυκερινον Mycerinus Menkaura
2.136.1 Aσυχιν Asukhis ?
2.137 Aνυσιν Anusis ?
2.137 Σαβακων Sabakon Shabaka
2.140.2 Aμυρταιου Amurtaiou Amyrtaeus
2.141.1 Σεθων Sethos Shebitko
2.151.2 Ψαμμητιχος Psammetikhos Psamtik I
2.152.1 Νεκων Necon Necho I
2.158.1 Νεκως Necos Necho II
2.159.3 Ψαμμι Psammi Psamtik II
2.161 Aπριης Apries Apries
2.172 Aμασις Amasis Amasis


  • Herodotus, The Histories, Book II
  • Herodotus, The Histories. Translated by A. D. Godley, Harvard University Press. 1920.


With 2336 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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