Herodotus of Halicarnassus

Herodotus was born about 490 BCE at Halicarnassos and died in Italy in the late 420's. He traveled to Asia and northern Africa. The second volume of his Histories describes Egypt's geography, people and relates stories about a number of pharaohs. While many of his stories might only be tales, it still contain many names of the pharaohs.

As a chronology it is almost worthless. For instance, he placed the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom after the New Kingdom. Some of the named pharaohs are clearly compounded from more than one pharaoh. The end result is, in most cases, unreliable and hold very little historic credibility.

After Mina came three hundred and thirty kings, whose names the priests recited from a papyrus roll. In all these many generations there were eighteen Ethiopian kings, and one queen, native to the country; the rest were all Egyptian men.

Herodotus, book II, chapter 100.1


ChapterAncient GreekTransliterationPharaoh
99.2 Μινα Mina Narmer
100.2 Νιτωκρις Nitokris Netjerikara
101.1 Μοιριος Moerius Amenemhat III
102.1 Σεσωστρις Sesostris Senusret III
111.1 Φερων Pheron ?
112.1 Πρωτεα Proteus ?
121.1 Pαμψινιτον Rhampsinitos Ramesses III
124 Χεοπα Kheops Khufu
127 Χεφρηνα Khephren Khafra
129 Μυκερινον Mycerinus Menkaura
136.1 Aσυχιν Asukhis ?
137 Aνυσιν Anusis ?
137 Σαβακων Sabakon Shabaka
140.2 Aμυρταιου Amurtaiou Amyrtaeus
141.1 Σεθων Sethos Shebitko
151.2 Ψαμμητιχος Psammetikhos Psamtik I
152.1 Νεκων Necon Necho I
158.1 Νεκως Necos Necho II
159.3 Ψαμμι Psammi Psamtik II
161 Aπριης Apries Apries
172 Aμασις Amasis Amasis


Bibliography


  • Herodotus, The Histories, Book II
  • Herodotus, The Histories. Translated by A. D. Godley, Harvard University Press. 1920.


 

With 2335 hieroglyphic names of the pharaohs
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