Josephus (37 – c. 100) was a first century Jewish historian who wrote Against Apion (Contra Apionem), which is a polemical work written as a defense of Judaism, stressing its antiquity against what he perceived as more recent traditions of the Greeks. As Josephus himself notes, it does not contain quotations from Manetho's original, but rather cites from one or two epitomized and altered version of Manetho's Aegyptiaca.
Written as a narrative, it covers only a portion of Manetho's history, roughly from the Fifteenth through the Nineteenth dynasties, but it does describe shifts
in control from one faction to another, consistent with dynastic divisions. There is no mention of numbered dynasties, and only 24 rulers are named.
The original Greek manuscript is lost, and is only preserved in a single imperfect copy: Codex Laurentianus LXIX, 22, a copy from the 11th century, from which all other existing manuscripts are descended.
The pharaohs are mentioned in book 1, at 1.14 to 1.16 (§§ 77 — 97).
After the departure of the pastoral people from Egypt to Jerusalem, Tethmosis, the king who expelled them from Egypt, reigned 25 years and 4 months, and on his death the kingdom passed to his son Chebron, who reigned 13 years. After him Amenophis reigned 20 years and 7 months; then his sister Amesses 21 years and 9 months; her son Mephres 12 years and 9 months; then from father to son Mephramuthosis 25 years and 10 months, Thmosis 9 years and 8 months, Amenophis 30 years and 10 months, Orus 36 years and 5 months; his daughter Akencheres 12 years and 1 month; her brother Rathotis 9 years; then from father to son Akencheres 12 years and 5 months, Akencheres II 12 years and 3 months, Harmais 4 years and 1 month... Josephus, "Contra Apion", § 94-97 (Translation by Thackeray)
|80||Aπαχνας||Apakhnas||Apachnas||36 years, 7 months||Apachnas|
|81||Iαννας||Iannas||Jannas||50 years, 1 month||Khyan|
|81||Aσσις||Assis||Assis||49 years, 2 months||Khamudy|
|94||Τεθμωσις||Tethmosis||Tethmosis||25 years, 4 months||Ahmose I|
|95||Χεβρων||Khebron||Chebron||13 years||Thutmose II|
|95||Aμενωφις||Amenophis||Amenophis||20 years, 7 months||Amenhotep I|
|95||Aμεσσης||Amesses ♀||Amesses ♀||21 years, 9 months||Hatshepsut|
|95||Μηφρης||Mephres||Mephres||12 years, 9 months||Thutmose I|
|96||Μηφραμουθωσις||Mephramouthosis||Mephramuthosis||25 years, 10 months||Thutmose III|
|96||Θμωσις||Thmosis||Thmosis||9 years, 8 months||Thutmose IV|
|96||Aμένωφις||Amenophis||Amenophis||30 years, 10 months||Amenhotep II|
|96||Ωρος||Oros||Orus||36 years, 5 months||Amenhotep III|
|96||Aκεγχερης||Akenkheres ♀||Acencheres ♀||12 years, 1 month||Neferneferuaten|
|97||Aκεγχηρης||Akenkheres||Acencheres||12 years, 5 months||?|
|97||Aκεγχηρης||Akenkheres||Acencheres||12 years, 3 months||?|
|97||Aρμαις||Armais||Armais||4 years, 1 month||Horemheb|
|97||Pαμεσσης||Rhamesses||Ramesses||1 year, 4 months||Ramesses I|
|97||Aρμεσσης Μιαμουν||Armesses Miamun||Armesses Miamun||66 years, 2 months||Ramesses II|
|97||Aμενωφις||Amenophis||Amenophis||19 years, 6 months||?|
|97||Σεθως||Sethos||Sethus||59 years||Seti I|