Ahmose I

Also known as: Amasis, Amosis Dynasty XVIII

Ahmose I succeeded his brother Kamose when he was only around ten years old, and his mother likely acted as regent for the first couple years. Manetho saw the expulsion of the Hyksos as an important enough event to mark it as a start of a new dynasty.
Manetho's first ruler of this new dynasty, was according to Africanus, Amos. or, according to Eusebius, Amosis. Josephus named him Tethmosis, probably because the epitome of Manetho that Josephus had access to contained errors not present in the epitomes used by Africanus or Eusebius.

Reign of Ahmose I
AE Chronology1539–1515
von Beckerath1550–1525
Shaw1550–1525
Dodson1549–1524
Malek1540–1525
Arnold1550–1525
Grimal1552–1526
Redford1569–1545
Manetho (Josephus)25y 4m
Manetho (Eusebius)25 years
Manetho (Jerome)25 years
Highest attestationYear 22

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ahmose I: Aa kheperu
Aa kheperu
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw
Great of manifestations
aA:xpr*w
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ahmose I: Aa kheperu
Aa kheperu
ꜤꜢ-ḫprw
Great of manifestations
O29v-xpr:Z2
Axe of Ahmose handle, CG 52645 (plate XLII)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:H2
Horus name variant
Horus name of Ahmose I: Ka em Waset
Ka em Waset
kꜢ-m-wꜢst
The bull in Thebes
E1-m-R19:t
Stela of Ahmose honouring Tetisheri, CG 34002
Ayrton, Currelly and Weigall, Abydos, III, (1904) plate LII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:H3
Nebty name
Nebty name of Ahmose I: Tut mesut
Tut mesut
twt-mswt
The (very) image of (re-)birth
t:t-A53-ms:t-w
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:N
Nebty name variant
Nebty name of Ahmose I: Tut mesut
Tut mesut
twt-mswt
The (very) image of (re-)birth
t:t-A53-ms*s-w-t
Axe of Ahmose handle, CG 52645 (plate XLII)
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ahmose I: Tjes tawy
Tjes tawy
ṯs-tꜢwi
The one who has bound the Two Lands
Tz:z:N17:N17
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:G
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Ahmose I: Tjes tawy
Tjes tawy
ṯs-tꜢwi
The one who has bound the Two Lands
Tz:N17:N17
Axe of Ahmose handle, CG 52645 (plate XLII)
Throne name
Throne name of Ahmose I: Neb pehty Ra
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
The possessor of the might of Ra
ra-nb-F9
Bracelet of queen Ahhotep, CG 52069 (JE 4684)
ZÄS 136. 126–129, pl. XVII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:T2
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ahmose I: Neb pehty Ra
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
The possessor of the might of Ra
ra-F9-nb
Saqqara king list 12
. Ramesside Inscriptions, III, 471 (12)
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ahmose I: Neb pehty Ra
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
The possessor of the might of Ra
ra-nb-F9:t*t
Abydos king list 66
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ahmose I: Neb pehty Ra
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
The possessor of the might of Ra
ra:nb-F9-F9
Urkunden des Ägyptische Alterthums, IV, 34
Young, Hieroglyphics, II, plate 88
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:T3
Throne name variant
Throne name of Ahmose I: Neb pehty Ra
Neb pehty Ra
nb-pḥti-rꜤ
The possessor of the might of Ra
ra:nb-F9*F9:F9
Stela of Amenhotep I and Ahmose being adored, CG 34037 (JE 27573)
Porter & Moss, Topographical Bibliography, I2, 800
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:T4
Birth name
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
iꜤh-msi(w)
Ahmose (Iah is born)
N12\R180-ms
Bracelet of queen Ahhotep, CG 52069 (JE 4684)
ZÄS 136. 126–129, pl. XVII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E3
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
iꜤḥms(iw)
Ahmose (Iah is born)
N12-ms-s
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E1
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
iꜤh-msi(w)
Ahmose (Iah is born)
N12\R180-ms:z
Axe of Ahmose head, CG 52645 (plate XLIII)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E2
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu nakht
Iah mesu nakht
iꜤh-msi(w) nḫt
Ahmose (Iah is born) the victorious
N12\R180-ms-s-D40
Axe of Ahmose handle, CG 52645 (plate XLII)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E4
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
iꜤh-msi(w)
Ahmose (Iah is born)
iaH-ms-s
Young, Hieroglyphics, II, plate 88
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E5
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
iꜤh-msi(w)
Ahmose (Iah is born)
iaH-ms:z
Stela of Ahmose honouring Tetisheri, CG 34002
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E6
Birth name variant
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
iꜤh-msi(w)
Ahmose (Iah is born)
iaH-ms-s-i-i
Fabretti, Regio Museo di Torino. Antichita Egizie, no. 3032
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E7

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Ahmose I stela found at Great Temple of Karnak, court 3

Cairo Museum CG 34001 (JE 38246); Porter & Moss, II, 179; ASAE, 4, 27
Axe of Ahmose

Cairo Museum CG 52645 (JE 4673); Porter & Moss, I, 600–601

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 1 Aμως Amos Amos
Eusebius xviii, 1 Aμωσις Amosis Amosis 25 years
Jerome Amosis 25 years
Josephus 94 Τεθμωσις Tethmosis Tethmosis 25 years, 4 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 132–133
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 9–11
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 175–196
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 95–96

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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