Ahmose I

Also known as: Amasis, Amosis
Dynasty XVIII

Ahmose I succeeded his brother Kamose when he was only around ten years old, and his mother likely acted as regent for the first couple years. Manetho saw the expulsion of the Hyksos as an important enough event to mark it as a start of a new dynasty.
Manetho's first ruler of this new dynasty, was according to Africanus, Amos. or, according to Eusebius, Amosis. Josephus named him Tethmosis, probably because the epitome of Manetho that Josephus had access to contained errors not present in the epitomes used by Africanus or Eusebius.

Reign of Ahmose I
AE Chronology1539–1515
von Beckerath1550–1525
Shaw1550–1525
Dodson1549–1524
Malek1540–1525
Arnold1550–1525
Grimal1552–1526
Redford1569–1545
Manetho (Josephus)25y 4m
Manetho (Eusebius)25 years
Manetho (Jerome)25 years
Highest attestationYear 22

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Ahmose I: Aa kheperu
Aa kheperu
 ꜤꜢ-ḫprw
 Great of manifestations
aA:xpr*w
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:H1

Variants

Nebty name
Nebty name of Ahmose I: Tut mesut
Tut mesut
 twt-mswt
 The (very) image of (re-)birth
t:t-A53-ms:t-w
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:N

Variants

Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Ahmose I: Tjes tawy
Tjes tawy
 ṯs-tꜢwi
 The one who has bound the Two Lands
Tz:z:N17:N17
Cairo Museum stela CG 34001
ASAE, 4, 27
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:G

Variants

Throne name
Throne name of Ahmose I: Neb pehty Ra
Neb pehty Ra
 nb-pḥti-rꜤ
 The possessor of the might of Ra
ra-nb-F9
Bracelet of queen Ahhotep, CG 52069 (JE 4684)
ZÄS 136. 126–129, pl. XVII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:T2

Variants

Birth name
Birth name of Ahmose I: Iah mesu
Iah mesu
 iꜤh-msi(w)
 Ahmose (Iah is born)
N12\R180-ms
Bracelet of queen Ahhotep, CG 52069 (JE 4684)
ZÄS 136. 126–129, pl. XVII
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 132-133, 1:E3

Variants

The complete titulary

Sources containing all five names of the royal titulary

Ahmose I stela found at Great Temple of Karnak, court 3

Cairo Museum CG 34001 (JE 38246); Porter & Moss, II, 179; ASAE, 4, 27
Axe of Ahmose

Cairo Museum CG 52645 (JE 4673); Porter & Moss, I, 600–601

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xviii, 1 Aμως Amos Amos
Eusebius xviii, 1 Aμωσις Amosis Amosis 25 years
Jerome Amosis 25 years
Josephus 94 Τεθμωσις Tethmosis Tethmosis 25 years, 4 months

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 132–133
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 9–11
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 18 (1912): 175–196
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 95–96

 

 



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