Amenemhat IV

Also known as: Amenemhet IV Dynasty XII

His throne name is present on all four of the New Kingdom king lists, and the Turin Canon preserves his length of reign as 9 years, 3 months and 27 days. His name is not present in the king list of Manetho.

Reign of Amenemhat IV
AE Chronology1772–1764
von Beckerath1807–1798
Shaw1808–1799
Dodson1798–1785
Malek1814–1805
Arnold1799–1787
Grimal1797–1790
Franke1773–1764
Redford1798–1790
Turin Canon9y 3m 27d

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Amenemhat IV: Kheper kheperu
Kheper kheperu
ḫpr-ḫprw
Everlasting of manifestations
xpr-xpr-Z3-w
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 140o
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 7:H1
Horus name variant
Horus name of Amenemhat IV: Kheper kheperu
Kheper kheperu
ḫpr-ḫprw
Everlasting of manifestations
xpr-xpr-xpr-xpr
Petrie Museum, scarab UC 11332
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 7:H2
Nebty name
Nebty name of Amenemhat IV: Seheb tawy
Seheb tawy
s-ḥꜢb-tꜢwi
He who makes the Two Lands festive
s-H-b-W4:N17:N17
Gardiner, The inscription of Sinai, pl. XLII (119)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 7:N
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Amenemhat IV: Sekhem netjeru
Sekhem netjeru
sḫm-nṯrw
The golden Horus, powerful one of the gods
sxm*G5:nbw-nTrw
Gardiner, The inscription of Sinai, pl. XLII (119)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 7:G
Throne name
Throne name of Amenemhat IV: Maa kheru Ra
Maa kheru Ra
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
The voice of Ra is true
ra-U4:a-P8-w
Abydos king list 65
Saqqara king list 21
Karnak king list 21
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 7:T1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenemhat IV: Maa kheru Ra
Maa kheru Ra
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
The voice of Ra is true
ra-U4:a-P8-W-A17
Royal Canon of Turin 7.1
Gardiner, The Royal Canon of Turin (1959), VI:1
Throne name variant
Throne name of Amenemhat IV: Maa kheru Ra
Maa kheru Ra
mꜢꜤ-ḫrw-rꜤ
mA&ra-mAa:a-xrw
Gardiner, The inscription of Sinai, pl. XI (35)
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 86-87, 7:T2
Birth name
Birth name of Amenemhat IV: Amenemhat
Amenemhat
imn-m-ḥꜢt
Amun is in front
i-mn:n-m-HAt:t
Petrie Museum, scarab UC 11332
, Denkmäler aus Ägypten und Äthiopien (), II, 140h

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 86–87
The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I – Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300–1069 BC (London, 2008), 30–32
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 17 (1907): 337–341
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 59–60

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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