Dynasty XXVIII

Reign of Amyrtaeus
AE Chronology404–399
von Beckerath405–399
Manetho6 years


The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Birth name
Birth name of Amyrtaeus: Amun ir di su
Amun ir di su
Amun is the one who created him
Hieroglyphs tenatively reconstructed from demotic source in
Spiegelberg, Die sogenannte demotische Chronik, Column II, row 2
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 222-223, a:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

Africanus xxviii, Aμυρτεος Amurteos Amyrteus 6 years
Eusebius xxviii, Aμυρταιος Amyrtaios Amyrtaeus 6 years
Herodotus 140.2 Aμυρταιου Amurtaiou Amyrtaeus
Eratosthenes 38 Aμουθαρταιος Amouthartaios Amyrthartaeus 63 years


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 222–223
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 159–160
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 169


End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Ancient historians

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