Apries

Also known as: Hophra Dynasty XXVI


Reign of Apries
589–570
Manetho (Africanus)19 years
Manetho (Eusebius)25 years
Manetho (Jerome)30 years

 

The Royal Titulary

From the hieroglyphic records

Horus name
Horus name of Apries: Wah ib
Wah ib
wꜢḥ-ib
Enduring of mind
wAH-ib
Minerveo obelisk in Rome
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:H
Nebty name
Nebty name of Apries: Neb khepesh
Neb khepesh
nb-ḫpš
Possessor of strength
nb:xpS
Minerveo obelisk in Rome
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:N2
Golden Horus name
Golden Horus name of Apries: Sewadj tawy
Sewadj tawy
swꜢḏ-tꜤwi
Who has made the Two Lands flourish
s-wAD-N17:N17
Minerveo obelisk
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:G1
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Apries: Sewadj tawy
Sewadj tawy
swꜤḏ-tꜢwi
Who has made the Two Lands flourish
s-wAD-M127-N17:N17
Berlin Ägyptisches Museum, ÄM 7780
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:G3
Golden Horus name variant
Golden Horus name of Apries: Sa Ptah meryef
Sa Ptah meryef
zꜢ-ptḥ mri.f
Son of Ptah, his beloved
p:t-H-zA-mr-r:N36:f
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:G4
Throne name
Throne name of Apries: Haa ib Ra
Haa ib Ra
ḥꜤꜤ-ib-rꜤ
Who (continually) rejoices over the mind of Ra
ra-H-a:a-ib
Minerveo obelisk in Rome
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:T1
Birth name
Birth name of Apries: Wah ib Ra
Wah ib Ra
wꜢḥ-ib-rꜤ
The enduring one is the (very) mind of Ra
ra-wAH-ib
Mariette, Monument divers recueillis en Égypte et en Nubie, II, plate 30 b
, Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen (), 216-217, 4:E

The sources of antiquity

From the writings of the historians and scholars of antiquity

AuthorGreekTransliterationTranscriptionReign
Africanus xxvi, 7 Ουαφρις Ouaphris Uaphris 19 years
Eusebius xxvi, 8 Ουαφρις Ouaphris Uaphres 25 years
Jerome Vaphres 30 years
Herodotus 161 Aπριης Apries Apries
Diodorus 1.68.1 Aπριης Apries Apries
The Bible Jer. 44:30 חָפְרַ֤ע ḥā-p̄ə-ra Hophra

Bibliography


Handbuch der Ägyptischen Königsnamen, MÄS 49 (1999): 216–217
Le livre des rois d'Égypte. MIFAO 20 (1915): 104–112
The Great Name: Ancient Egyptian Royal Titulary (Atlanta, 2013), 166

 

End of page
The Royal titulary

The full titulary was announced at the coronation, when a pharaoh officially became king.

Horus
Horus name
The oldest form of a pharaoh's name, often enclosed in a serekh, a sort of "heraldic crest" representing a palace facade.

Nebty
Nebty name
The "Two Ladies", the heraldic goddesses Nekhbet and Wadjet, representing Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

Golden Horus
Golden Horus name
Gold was strongly associated with eternity, but the meaning of this title is disputed.

Prenomen
Throne name
(prenomen) Announced at the coronation, and written in a cartouche.

Nomen
Personal name
(nomen) The name given at birth, also written in a cartouche.

Kinglists
Ancient historians

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